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Appendix:Proto-Indo-European *h₁es-

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If a man had as many ideas during the day as he does when he has insomnia, he would make a fortune.
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Proto-Indo-European

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Verb

*h₁es-

  1. to be

Conjugation

Traditional conservative Cowgill-Rix-style reconstruction, active root-present only:

Conjugation of *h₁es- Present indicative Imperfect indicative Subjunctive Optative Imperative
Singular 1st *h₁ésmi *h₁és₂m̥ *h₁ésoh₂ *h₁siéh₁m -
2nd *h₁ési *h₁és *h₁ésesi *h₁siéh₁s *h₁és, h₁sdʰí
3rd *h₁ésti *h₁ést *h₁éseti *h₁siéh₁t *h₁éstu
Dual 1st *h₁suós *h₁sué *h₁ésowos *h₁sih₁wé -
2nd *h₁stés *h₁stóm *h₁ésetes *h₁sih₁tóm *h₁stóm
3rd *h₁stés *h₁stām *h₁ésetes *h₁sih₁tām *h₁stām
Plural 1st *h₁sm̥ós *h₁sm̥é *h₁ésomos *h₁sih₁mé -
2nd *h₁sté *h₁sté *h₁ésete *h₁sih₁té *h₁sté
3rd *h₁sénti *h₁sénd *h₁ésonti *h₁sih₁énd *h₁séntu


Participles:

*h₁sónts (masc. nom. sg.), *h₁sn̥tés (masc. gen. sg.)
*h₁sóntih₂ (fem. nom. sg.), *h₁sn̥tyéh₂s (fem. gen. sg.)

Descendants