Possibly from Sumerian "Uruk" or "Warka" (Biblical "Erech") region in the south of ancient Iraq. Medieval Arabic uses 'Iraq' as a geographical term for the area in the south and center of the modern Iraq. Some Arabic sources say that Iraq comes from عريق (ʕarí:q, "deep-rooted"), from عرق (ʕirq, "root").
- Country in Mesopotamia that borders on Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Turkey. Official name: Republic of Iraq.