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affect

English

Etymology

From Middle French affecter < [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] adfectus (feeling).

Pronunciation

Homophones

Noun

Singular
affect

Plural
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affect ({{{1}}})
  1. (psychology) Emotion.
  2. (psychology) External display of emotion or mood.
    He seemed completely devoid of affect.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to affect

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to affect (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (transitive) To influence or alter.
    The experience affected me deeply.
    The heat of the sunlight affected the speed of the chemical reaction.
  2. (transitive) To move to emotion.
    He was deeply affected by the themes in the play.
  3. (transitive) To make a false display of.
    He managed to affect a smile despite feeling quite miserable.
  4. (transitive) Of an illness or condition, to infect or harm (a part of the body).
    Hepatitis affects the liver.

Usage notes

The homophones “affect” and “effect” are sometimes confused. “Affect” conveys influence over something that already exists, but “effect” indicates the manifestation of new or original ideas or entities:

  • “...new governing coalitions during these realigning periods have effected major changes in governmental institutions.”
  • “...new governing coalitions during these realigning periods have affected major changes in governmental institutions.”

The former indicates that major changes were made as a result of new governing coalitions, while the latter indicates that before new governing coalitions, major changes were in place, and that the new governing coalitions had some influence over these existing changes.

The verbal noun uses of affect are distinguished from the verbal noun uses of effect more clearly than the regular verb forms. An affect is something that acts or acted upon something else. But an effect is the result of an action (by something else.)

Synonyms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References

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Last modified on 30 October 2008, at 00:45