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English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Originated before 900 from Middle English been < Old English beon, from beo + -n, infinitive suffix. Irregular forms inherited from the Old English compound verb bēon-wesan.

Verb

be (highly irregular)

  1. (intransitive) To occupy a place.
    The cup is on the table.
  2. (intransitive) To occur, to take place.
    When will the meeting be?
  3. (intransitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To exist.
  4. (intransitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) elliptical form of for "be here", "go to and return from" or similar.
    The postman has been today, but my tickets have still not yet come.
    I have been to Spain many times.
  5. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used to indicate that the subject and object are the same.
    Ignorance is bliss.
  6. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used to indicate that the values on either side of an equation are the same.
    3 times 5 is fifteen.
  7. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used to indicate that the subject plays the role of the predicate nominal.
    François Mitterrand was president of France from 1981 to 1995.
  8. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes it.
    The sky is blue.
  9. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used to indicate that the subject has the qualities described by a noun or noun phrase.
    The sky is a deep blue today.
  10. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used to form the passive voice.
    The dog was drowned by the boy.
  11. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used to form the continuous forms of various tenses.
    The woman is walking.
    I shall be writing to you soon.
    We liked to chat while we were eating.
  12. (archaic) Used to form the perfect aspect with certain intransitive verbs. Often still used for to go
    They are not yet come back. (Macbeth by William Shakespeare) (instead of They have not yet come back.)
    He is gone.
  13. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Used to form future tenses, especially the future subjunctive.
    I am to leave tomorrow.
    I would drive you, were I to obtain a car.
  14. Used to indicate age.
    This building is three hundred years old.
    He looks twelve, but is actually thirteen, and will turn fourteen next week.
  15. Used to indicate height.
    He was five-eight.
  16. Used to indicate time of day, day of the week, or date.
    It’s almost eight.
    Today is the second, so I guess next Tuesday must be the tenth.
  17. Used to indicate weather, air quality, or the like.
    It’s hot in Arizona, but it’s not usually humid.
    Why is it so dark in here?
  18. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) Used to indicate temperature.
    It’s in the eighties outside, and next week it’s expected to be in the nineties!
Inflection
Infinitive to be
Imperative be
Present participle being
Past participle been
Present indicative Past indicative Present subjunctive Past subjunctive
First-person singular am was be were
Second-person singular are, art (archaic) were, wast (archaic) be, beest (obsolete) were, wert (archaic)
Third-person singular is was be were
First-person plural are were be were
Second-person plural are were be were
Third-person plural are were be were
Translations

Warning! This verb is fraught with irregularities of both form and usage in many languages. Use translations with caution.

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2

Abbreviation of Belgium.

Abbreviation

be

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) The country code for Belgium.

Etymology 3

Abbreviation of Belarusian.

Abbreviation

be

  1. The ISO 639 alpha-2 language code for Belarusian.

References

  • be” in The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  • be” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  • be” in WordNet 2.0, Princeton University, 2003.

Albanian

Noun

be

  1. oath

Amuzgo

Adjective

be

  1. red

Balinese

Noun

be

  1. fish
  2. meat, fish, tofu, egg (everything that is eaten with rice except vegetables)

Catalan

Noun

be f. (plural bes)

Singular
be m.

Plural
bes f.

  1. Noun of the letter b.
be m. (plural bens)

Singular
be m.

Plural
bens m.

  1. sheep, ram, ewe, lamb

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Adverb

be

  1. in

See also


Lithuanian

Particle

be

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) without
  2. besides; but, except

Lojban

Particle

be (Cmavo)

  1. Connects the following sumti to the previous sumti as an internal sumti (subordinate clause); by default as the x2 argument
    le klama be la paris.
    the one going to Paris
    le klama be fo la paris.
    the one travelling via Paris

Related terms


Norwegian

Etymology

From Old Norse biðja

Verb

be (present tense ber, past tense ba or bad, present passive bes, past participle bedt, present participle bedende, imperative be) (Bokmål)
be (present tense ber or bed or beder, past tense bad, past participle bede or bedi or bedd or bedt, present participle bedande, imperative be) (Nynorsk)

  1. To pray.
  2. To ask something of someone.

Synonyms

Derived terms

  • beding

Related terms

References

  • be” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk DictionaryDokumentasjonsprosjektet.
  • be” in The Ordnett Dictionary

Old Prussian

Conjunction

be

  1. and
    wāiklis be mērgā - a boy and a girl

Preposition

be

  1. without

Scots

Etymology

Old English bēon-wesan.

Verb

tae be

  1. To be.

Conjugation

In most dialects:

  • A am (emphatic same, negative amna)
  • ye are (emphatic same, negative arena)
  • he/she/it is (emphatic same, negative isna)
  • we are (emphatic same, negative arena)
  • ye are (emphatic same, negative arena)
  • they are (emphatic same, negative arena)

In South Scots:

  • A im (emphatic em or um, negative imni)
  • ee ir (emphatic er or ur, negative irni)
  • hei/shi/it is (emphatic es, negative isni)
  • oo ir (emphatic er or ur, negative irni)
  • yow yins is (emphatic es, negative isni)
  • they ir (emphatic er or ur, negative irni)

Swedish

Conjugations of be
Infinitive be
Present tense ber
Past tense bad
Supine bett
Imperative be
Present participle bedjande
Past participle bedd

Pronunciation

Alternative spellings

  • bedja (now only in religious and archaic contexts)

Verb

be

  1. To ask for, request someone else to do something.
  2. To pray.
  3. To beg, to plead with someone for help or for a favor.

Elsewhere on the web

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Last modified on 6 November 2008, at 01:14