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civilization

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English

Alternative spellings

civilisation (Commonwealth)

Etymology

From Latin civilizatio, verbal noun of action from perfect passive participle civilizatus + suffix -io, from verb civilizare, from adjective civilis, from civis

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
civilization

Plural
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civilization ({{{1}}})
  1. A stage or system of social, political or technical development of a large scale order encompassing several or many communities, often on the nation or people scale. (ancient civilisations; western civilisation; the Aztec civilisation.) cf culture.
  2. A country or group of countries with a common cultural background.
  3. The act or state of civilizing or being civilized.
  4. A communal understanding; the achievements of a communal understanding; e.g., Ancient Roman Civilization - the communal understanding of the ancient Romans, or what the communal understanding of the ancient Romans achieved: buildings, conquests, roads, laws.
  5. A person's preferred human society, with its facilities, in contrast to either wilderness, or uncivilised society.
    I'm glad to get back to civilization after being lost for 3 weeks in the jungle.
    I'm glad to get back to civilization after spending a day with that large noisy group of children.
  6. (obsolete) The act of civilizing, or the state of being civilized; the state of being refined in manners, from the grossness of savage life and improved in arts and learning.
  7. (obsolete) The act of rendering a criminal process civil.

Translations

Proper noun

Singular
civilization

Plural
-

civilization

  1. Collectively, those people of the world considered to have a high standard of behavior and / or a high level of development. Commonly subjectively used by people of one society to exclusively refer to their society, or their elite sub-group, or a few associated societies, implying all others, in time or geography or status, as something less than civilised, as savages or barbarians. cf refinement, elitism, civilised society, the Civilised World

Translations

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Last modified on 30 September 2008, at 01:03