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English

Etymology 1

From Old English dōn, from Proto-West-Germanic *dôn, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeH₁- ‘put, place, do, make’.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
do

Plural
{{{1}}}

do ({{{1}}})
  1. (colloquial) A function, celebration, party.
    We’re having a bit of a do on Saturday to celebrate my birthday.
  2. (informal) A hairdo.
    Nice do!
  3. (colloquial, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A period of confusion or argument.
  4. Something that can or should be done (usually in the phrase dos and don'ts).
Usage notes

For the plural of the noun, the spelling dos would be correct; do’s is often used for the sake of legibility, but is sometimes considered incorrect.

Synonyms
  • (period of confusion or argument): to-do
Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to do

Third person singular
does, (archaic) doth

Simple past
did

Past participle
done

Present participle
doing

to do (third-person singular simple present does, (archaic) doth, present participle doing, simple past did, past participle done)
  • Another archaic form is the second-person singular present tense dost.
  1. (auxiliary) A syntactic marker in questions.
    Do you go?
  2. (auxiliary) A syntactic marker in negations.
    I do not go.
  3. (auxiliary) A syntactic marker for emphasis.
    But I do go.
  4. (auxiliary) A syntactic marker to avoid repetition of an earlier verb.
    I play tennis; he does too.
  5. (transitive) To perform, to execute.
    All you ever do is surf the internet.
  6. (intransitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To suffice.
    It’s not the best broom, but it will have to do.
    This will do me, thanks.
  7. (intransitive) To be reasonable or acceptable.
    It simply will not do to have dozens of children running around such a quiet event.
  8. (transitive) To have (as an effect).
    The fresh air did him some good.
  9. (transitive) To fare; to succeed or fail.
    Our relationship isn't doing very well.
    How do you do?
  10. (transitive) To have as one's job.
    What do you do?
  11. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) To cook.
    I like my steak well done.
    • 1889, Jerome K. Jerome, Three Men In a Boat,  
      It seemed, from his account, that he was very good at doing scrambled eggs.
  12. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) To travel to.
    Let’s do New York also.
    • 1892, James Batchelder, Multum in Parvo: Notes from the Life and Travels of James Batchelder[1], page 97,  
      After doing Paris and its suburbs, I started for London []
  13. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) To take care of.
    • 1928, Dorothy L. Sayers, "The Abominable History of the Man with Copper Fingers", in Lord Peter Views the Body,
      Upon my word, although he [my host] certainly did me uncommonly well, I began to feel I'd be more at ease among the bushmen.
  14. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) To be well.
  15. (transitive) To spend (time) in jail.
    I did five years for armed robbery.
  16. (transitive) To impersonate.
    They really laughed when he did Clinton, with a perfect accent and a leer.
  17. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To attack or mistreat (someone).
    • 1994, Jervey Tervalon, Understand This[2], ISBN 068804560X, page 50,  
      "Why you gonna do me like that?" I ask. "Do what?" "Dog me."
  18. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To kill.
    • 2004, Patrick Stevens, Politics Is the Greatest Game: A Johannesburg Liberal Lampoon[3], ISBN 1857565665, page 314,  
      He's gonna do me, Jarvis. I kid you not, this time he's gonna do me proper.
  19. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To have sex with. (See also do it)
    I'm gonna do him tonight.
  20. (transitive) To cheat or swindle.
    That guy just did me out of two hundred bucks!
  21. (transitive) To convert into a certain form; especially, to translate.
    The novel has just been done into English.
    I'm going to do do this play into a movie.
  22. (transitive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) To finish.
    Aren't you done yet?
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
See also

Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take

Etymology 2

From [[w:Template:lang:it language|Template:lang:it]][[Category:Template:lang:it derivations]] do.

Alternative spellings

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
do

Plural
{{{1}}}

do ({{{1}}})
  1. (music) A syllable used in solfège to represent the first and eighth tonic of a major scale.
Synonyms
  • ut (archaic)
Translations

See also

Etymology 3

Short for ditto.

Abbreviation

do

  1. (rare) ditto

Albanian

Verb

do

  1. To want.
  2. To like.
  3. To love.
    dua.
    I love you.

Bosnian

Preposition

do genitive case

  1. by
  2. next to
  3. until

Catalan

Etymology

From [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:ca:Template:lang:la derivations]] donum (gift)

Noun

do

  1. gift
  2. talent

Croatian

Preposition

do

  1. by
  2. next to
  3. until
  4. up to
  5. till

Czech

Pronunciation

Preposition

do

  1. into, in, to, until
  2. by (at some time before (the given time))
    Ať jsi zpátky do desíti! -- Be back by ten o'clock!

Dutch

Etymology

From [[w:Template:lang:it language|Template:lang:it]][[Category:nl:Template:lang:it derivations]] do (the note).

Pronunciation

Noun

do m. and f. (plural do's, no diminutive)

  1. do, the musical note
  2. (Belgium) C, the musical note

Synonyms

  • ut (archaic)

See also


Esperanto

Adverb

do

  1. then, indeed, however

French

Pronunciation

Noun

do m. (plural dos)

  1. do, the musical note

Synonyms


Galician

Etymology

From contraction of preposition de (of, from) + masculine definite article o (the)

Contraction

do m. (feminine da, masculine plural dos, feminine plural das)

  1. of the; from the

Irish

Pronunciation

  • (preposition): IPA: [d̪ˠɔ], [d̪ˠə]
    • (Connemara and the Aran Islands) IPA: [ɡə]
  • (pronoun): IPA: [d̪ˠə]

Preposition

Person Normal Emphatic
1st person sing. dom domsa
2d person sing. duit duitse
3d sing. masc. dósan
3d sing. fem. di dise
1st person pl. dúinn dúinne
2d person pl. daoibh daoibhse
3d person pl. dóibh dóibhsean

do

  1. to, for
    do chara
    to a friend, for a friend

Usage notes

Triggers lenition of a following consonant. Used only before consonant sounds.

Related terms

  • d' (used before a vowel sound)

Pronoun

do possessive pronoun

  1. your (singular)
    bhfuil do charr?
    Where is your car?

Usage notes

Triggers lenition of a following consonant. Used only before consonant sounds.

Related terms

  • d' (used before a vowel sound)

Italian

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Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

Alternative spellings

Verb

do [[Category:Template:lang:it verb forms|do]]

  1. First-person singular indicative present tense of dare.

Noun

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do m. [[Category:Template:lang:it nouns|do]]

  1. do, the musical note
  2. C (the musical note or key)

Japanese

Noun

do (hiragana )

  1. : degree; times

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (to give). Cognates include Ancient Greek δίδωμι (didōmi), Sanskrit ददाति (dádāti), Old Persian 𐎭𐎭𐎠𐎬𐎺 (dā-).

Pronunciation

Verb

present active , present infinitive dare, perfect active dedī, supine datum.
  1. I give
  2. I offer, render
  3. I yield, surrender, concede

Conjugation

Synonyms

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Italian: [[dare#Template:lang:it|dare]]
  • Galician: dar
  • Portuguese: dar
  • Spanish: dar

Lojban

Pronoun

do

  1. you

Norwegian

Etymology 1

Possibly abbreviated form of "do-hus" (do house) from Low German don (do).

Noun

do m. (definite singular doen; indefinite plural doer; definite plural doene)
do n. (definite singular doet; indefinite plural do/doer; definite plural doa/doene)

  1. toilet
Compounds
  • dodraug
  • dolukt
  • dopapir
  • dorull
  • dosete
  • klappedo
  • utedo
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Noun

do

  1. do, the musical note

Polish

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *do, from Proto-Indo-European *do-, *de-.

Preposition

do followed by the genitive

  1. to, towards, into
  2. until

Portuguese

Etymology

Contraction of the preposition de and the definite article o or the demonstrative pronoun o.

Contraction

do

  1. of the
  2. from the

Scottish Gaelic

Possessive pronoun

do

  1. your, thy
    Bha iongantach do ghràdh dhomh
    Wonderful was thy love for me.
    Cùm an cuimhn’ ar n-àm còmhla. Bidh cuimhn’ agam ort, air d’anam ghrinn.
    Keep the memory of our time together. I will remember thee, thy dear soul.

Prepositional Pronoun

do

  1. to, for
    Do ar beatha, dhut, dhèanainn e.
    For our life, for thee, I would do it.

Derived terms


Serbian

Pronunciation

Preposition

do genitive case

  1. by
  2. next to
  3. until

Cyrillic spelling


Slovak

Preposition

do

  1. into, in, to, until

Spanish

Etymology

Old Spanish do, short for donde

Adverb

do

  1. where

Pronoun

do

  1. where

Derived terms


Turkish

Noun

do

  1. C, the musical note

Volapük

Conjunction

do

  1. though, although, even though

Welsh

Adverb

do

  1. Did (as opposed to naddo, didn’t).

West Frisian

Pronoun

do personal pronoun

  1. you (informal second-person singular)

Noun

do

  1. pigeon, dove

Elsewhere on the web

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Last modified on 10 November 2008, at 20:08