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not

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Stanislaw J. Lec
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See also nöt, nøt, nót, nốt, Not, and NOT
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English

Pronunciation

Homophones

Etymology

Middle English, compare nought

Adverb

not

  1. Negates the meaning of the modified verb.
    I may be many things, but I am not a crook.
    Did you take out the trash? No, I did not.
    Not knowing any better, I went ahead.

Usage notes

In modern usage, the form do not ... (or don’t ...) is preferred to ... not for all but a short list of verbs (is/am/are/was/were, have/has/had, do/does/did, can/could, shall/should, will/would, may/might, need):

  • They do not sow. (modern) vs. They sow not. (KJB)

American usage tends to prefer don’t have or haven’t got to have not or haven’t, except when have is used as an auxiliary (or in the idiom have-not):

  • I don’t have a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (US)
  • I haven’t a clue or I haven't got a clue. (outside US)
  • I haven’t been to Spain. (universal)

The verb need is only directly negated when used as an auxiliary, and even this usage is rare in the US.

  • You don’t need to trouble yourself. (US)
  • You needn’t trouble yourself. (outside US)
  • I don’t need any eggs today. (universal)

The verb dare can sometimes be directly negated.

  • I daren't do that.

Related terms

Translations

Conjunction

not

  1. Indicates that the first term is the proper object, as opposed to the second.
    I wanted a plate of shrimp, not a bucket of chicken.
    Ballots, not bullets.

Translations

Interjection

not!

  1. (slang) Used to indicate that the previous phrase was meant sarcastically or ironically.
    I really like hanging out with my little brother watching Barney... not!
    Sure, you're perfect the way you are... not!

Synonyms

Translations

Noun

not

  1. Unary logical function NOT, true if input is false, or a gate implementing that negation function.
    You need a not there to conform with the negative logic of the memory chip.

Translations

Related terms

See also


Albanian

Noun

not m.

  1. a swim

Derived terms

  • notoj or bën not to swim

German

Adjective

not

  1. needing, necessary.

Derived terms


Icelandic

Noun

not n. pl.

  1. use

Derived terms


Swedish

Noun

Inflection for not Singular Plural
common Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative
Genitive

not c. IPA: ˈnuːt

  1. (music) note.
  2. a short message; note.
  3. (diplomacy) a formal message from a country to another country’s embassy.

NOT

  1. (computing) the logical function NOT.

Turkish

Noun

not

  1. a short message; note.

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