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os

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Those who live are those who fight.
Victor Hugo
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English

Etymology 1

From neuter [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] word os with the genitive ossis (meaning "bone").

Noun

Singular
os

Plural
ossa

os (ossa)
  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Bone.
Usage notes

Only used by doctors and surgeons when practising. Not used by medical laymen.

Translations
  • German: Os

Etymology 2

From neuter [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] word os with the genitive oris (meaning "mouth").

Noun

Singular
os

Plural
ora

os (ora)
  1. (rare) A mouth; an opening.
  2. In particular, either end of the cervix, internal (to the uterus) or external (to the vagina).

Aragonese

Etymology

From [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:an:Template:lang:la derivations]] illos

Article

os m. pl.

  1. the
    Os lugars d'Aragón
    The villages of Aragon"

Usage notes

  • The form los, either pronounced as los or as ros, can be found after words ending with an -o.
  • Some dialects use the form els, often shortened to es.

Croatian

Noun

os f. sg.

  1. axis

Danish

Pronoun

os

  1. us

Noun

os

  1. thick smoke

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

os 'm.' (plural: ossen)

  1. ox (a castrated bull)

Derived terms


French

Etymology

From [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:fr:Template:lang:la derivations]] os.

Pronunciation

Noun

os m. (plural os)

  1. bone
  2. bones

Derived terms


Galician

Etymology

From [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:gl:Template:lang:la derivations]] illōs, accusative plural of ille (that).

Article

os m. pl. (masculine singular o, feminine singular a, feminine plural as)

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) the

Usage notes

The definite article o (in all its forms) regularly forms contractions when it follows the prepositions a (to), con (with), de (of, from), and en (in). For example, con os ("with the") contracts to cos, and en os ("in the") contracts to nos.

Derived terms

Pronoun

os m pl accusative (nominative eles, oblique eles, dative lles)

  1. them (masculine plural third-person personal pronoun)

Usage notes

The third-person direct object pronouns o, os, a, and as, have variant forms prefixed with l- or n-. These alternative forms appear depending on the ending of the preceding word. The l- forms (e.g. los) are used when the preceding word ends in -r or -s. The n- forms (e.g. nos) are used when the preceding word ends in a -u or a diphthong. These alternative forms are then suffixed to the preceding word.

In all other situations, the standard forms of the pronouns are used (o, os, a, as) and are not suffixed to the preceding word.

These direct object pronouns also form contractions when they immediately follow an indirect object pronoun. For example, Dou che os ("I gave you them.") contracts to Dou chos.

Derived terms

Related terms

See also


Irish

Noun

os m.

  1. deer

Preposition

os

  1. over

Istro-Romanian

Etymology

[[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:ruo:Template:lang:la derivations]] os.

Noun

os n. (plural ose, definite singular osu, definite plural osele)

  1. bone

Latin

Etymology 1

ōs (mouth)

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁oh₁s- (mouth).

Pronunciation

Noun

ōs (genitive ōris); n, third declension

  1. mouth
  2. face, appearance, head
  3. (poetic) speech
  4. opening, entrance
  5. accusative singular of ōs
  6. vocative singular of ōs
Inflection
Number Singular Plural
nominative ōs ōra
genitive ōris ōrum
dative ōrī ōribus
accusative ōs ōra
ablative ōre ōribus
vocative ōs ōra

Etymology 2

ossa manūs (bones of the hand)

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃ost- (bone). Cognates include Ancient Greek ὀστοῦν (ostoun) and Sanskrit अस्थि (asthi).

Alternative spellings

Pronunciation

Noun

os (genitive ossis); n, third declension

  1. bone
  2. heartwood
  3. the hard or innermost part of trees or fruits
  1. framework of discourse
  2. accusative singular of os
Inflection
Number Singular Plural
nominative os ossa
genitive ossis ossium
dative ossī ossibus
accusative os ossa
ablative osse ossibus
vocative os ossa
Derived terms
Descendants

Old English

Etymology

From Germanic *ansuz. Cognate with Old Norse óss.

Pronunciation

Noun

ōs m. (declension unknown)

  1. god
  2. the runic character (/o/ or /oː/)

Portuguese

Portuguese articles (edit)
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Definite articles
(the)
o a os as
Indefinite articles
(a, an; some)
um uma uns umas

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: os

Etymology

From [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:pt:Template:lang:la derivations]] illi.

Article

os m, pl

  1. the
    Lá vêm os carros - Here come the cars

Pronoun

Portuguese personal pronouns (edit)
Number Person Subject Accusative case
(direct object)
Dative case
(indirect object)
Singular First eu me mim
Second tu te ti
Third ele, ela lhe, o, a, se ele, ela, si
Plural First nós nos nós
Second vós vos vós
Third eles, elas lhes, os, as, se eles, elas, si

os m, pl

  1. 3rd person them (as a direct object; as an indirect object, see lhes; after prepositions, see eles).
    Encontrei-os na rua. = "I met them at the street."

Usage notes

  • Becomes -los after verb forms ending in -r, -s, or -z, the pronouns nos and vos, and the adverb eis; the ending letter causing the change disappears.
    After ver: Posso vê-los? = "May I see them?"
    After pôs: Quero pô-los ali. = "I want to put them there."
    After fiz: Fi-los ficar contente. = "I made them become happy."
    After nos: Deu-no-los relutantemente. = "He gave them to us reluctantly."
    After eis: Ei-los! = "Behold them!"
  • Becomes -nos after a nasal diphthong: -ão, -am [ɐ̃w̃], -õe [õj̃], -em, -êm [ẽj̃].
    Detêm-nos como prisioneiros. = "They detain them as a prisoners."
  • In Brasil it is being abandoned in favor of the nominative form eles.
    Eu os vi.Eu vi eles. = "I saw them."

Romanian

Etymology

[[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:ro:Template:lang:la derivations]] os. Compare Catalan os, French os, Interlingua osso, Italian osso, Portuguese osso, Sardinian ossu, Spanish hueso

Pronunciation

Noun

os n. (plural oase)

  1. (anatomy) bone

Declension



Serbian

Noun

os f. () (Cyrillic spelling ос)

  1. axis

Spanish

Etymology

[[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:es:Template:lang:la derivations]] vos.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

os

  1. you, to you, for you; Dative and accusative of vos and vosotros.

See also

First person:

Second person:

Third person:

Demonstrative:


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

Declination for os Singular Uncountable
Neuter Indefinite Definite
Nominative os oset
Genitive os osets

os n.

  1. smell, especially a strong smell originating from cooking.

See also

Elsewhere on the web

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