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with

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
The golden moments in the stream of life rush past us, and we see nothing but sand; the angels come to visit us, and we only know them when they are gone.
George Eliot
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English

Etymology

From Old English wiþ (against, opposite, toward), a shortened form of wiþer, from Proto-Germanic *withr (against), from Proto-Indo-European *wi-tero- (more apart); from Proto-Indo-European *wi (separation). Cognate with German wider (against) and wieder (again), Dutch weer (again). In Middle English, the word shifted to denote association rather than opposition.

Pronunciation

preconsonantal
prevocalic

Preposition

with (abbreviation: w/)

  1. against
    He picked a fight with the class bully.
    • 1621, John Smith, The Proceedings of the English Colony in Virginia [1]
      Many hatchets, knives, & pieces of iron, & brass, we see, which they reported to have from the Sasquesahanocks a mighty people, and mortal enemies with the Massawomecks
  2. in the company of; alongside, along side of; close to; near to:
    He went with his friends.
  3. in addition to; as an accessory to:
    a motorcycle with a sidecar
  4. in support of:
    We are with you all the way.
  5. (obsolete) To denote the accomplishment of cause, means, instrument, etc; – sometimes equivalent to by.
    slain with robbers
    • 1300s?, Political, Religious and Love Poems, “An A B C Poem on the Passion of Christ”, ed. Frederick James Furnivall, 1866
      Al þus with iewys I am dyth, I seme a wyrm to manus syth.
    • c1388, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Legend of Good Women, Balade, 266
      Ysiphile, betrayed with Jasoun, / Maketh of your trouthe neyther boost ne soun;
    • c1460, Merlin, or the Early History of King Arthur, ed. Henry Benjamin Wheatley, 1875
      And so it was comaunded to be kept with x noble men; and thei were charge to take goode hede who com to assaien, and yef eny ther were that myght drawen out of the ston.
    • 1610, William Shakespeare, The Winter’s Tale, Act V, V-ii
      He was torn to / pieces with a bear:
    • 1630, John Smith, Travels of Captaine John Smith, 1907 edition, Vol. II, p. 42
      At Flowers we were againe chased with foure French men of warre
    • 1669, Nathaniel Morton, New England’s Memorial
      He was sick and lame of the scurvy, so as he could but lie in the cabin-door, and give direction, and, it should seem, was badly assisted either with mate or mariners
  6. as an instrument; by means of
    cut with a knife
    • 1430?, “The Love of Jesus” in Hymns to the Virgin and Christ, ed. Frederick James Furnivall, 1867, p.26
      Þirle my soule with þi spere anoon,
    • 1619, Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, A King and no King, Act IV
      you have paid me equal, Heavens, / And sent my own rod to correct me with
    • 1620, William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation [2]
      They had cut of his head upon the cudy of his boat had not the man reskued him with a sword,
    • 1677, William Wycherley, The plain-dealer, Prologue
      And keep each other company in spite, / As rivals in your common mistress, fame, / And with faint praises one another damn;
  7. (obsolete) as nourishment, more recently replaced by on

Antonyms

Translations

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