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þæt

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Old English

Etymology

Representing the Indo-European demonstrative pronouns *te-, *to-, adapted in West Germanic languages as definite articles. Cognate with Old Saxon thē, thiu, that (Dutch de or het), Old High German ther, thiu, thaz (German der, die, das), Old Norse þat n., Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰 (þata) n., Greek το (to) n., Lithuanian tàs m., f., Slavic *tъ, *ta, *to (Russian тот (tot), та (ta), то (to)). See also s- stem variants represented by Old English se, sēo.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

þæt n.

  1. definite article: the
    þæt scip: the ship
  2. demonstrative adjective: that, those
    þæt gewrit wrat Widsið: Widsith wrote that letter
  3. pronoun: it, they
    æfter þam...: after that...

Declension

  • Nominative: þæt (plural: þā)
  • Accusative: þæt (plural þā)
  • Genitive: þæs (plural: þāra, þǣra)
  • Dative: þǣm, þām (plural: þǣm, þām)
  • Instrumental: þȳ, þī, þōn

See also

Masculine se, feminine sēo.

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