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þú

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Icelandic

Alternative spellings

Etymology

From Old Norse þú, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Cognate with Old Frisian thu, Old Saxon þu (Low German du), Old High German thū (German du), Gothic 𐌸𐌿, Latin tu (French and Italian tu, Spanish ), Greek σi (), Lithuanian , Old Church Slavonic тъі (ty) (Russian ты (ty)).

Pronunciation

Pronoun

þú(personal pronoun):

  1. singular you, thou
    Þú ert skemmtilegur.
    You are fun.
    Ertu nemandi?
    Are you a student?

Synonyms

  • (singular you, ye): þér (formal, archaic)

Derived terms

Usage notes

  • After verbs the pronoun þú is either:
    separated:
    (separated) munt þú (are you going to)
    (separated) skalt þú (you shall)
    (separated) borðar þú (do you eat)
    (separated) hoppar þú (do you jump)
    (separated) sérð þú (do you see)
    or suffixed and changed into -ðu, -du, -tu or -u:
    (suffixed) muntu (are you going to)
    (suffixed) borðarðu (do you eat)
    (suffixed) muntþú (will you)
    (suffixed) viltu (do you want to)
    (suffixed) nennirðu (could you be bothered to)

Inflection

Icelandic personal pronouns
singular first person second person third person masculine third person feminine third person neuter
nominative ég, eg, ek þú hann hún, hon, hón það, þat
accusative mig, mik þig, þik hann hana það, þat
dative mér þér honum, hánum henni því
genitive mín þín hans hennar þess
plural first person second person third person masculine third person feminine third person neuter
nominative við þið, þit þeir þær þau
accusative okkur ykkur þá þær þau
dative okkur ykkur þeim þeim þeim
genitive okkar ykkar þeirra þeirra þeirra

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