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быть

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Russian

Etymology

From Old Church Slavonic бъіти.

Verb

быть (byt’) (impf.), бывать (byvát’) iterative aspect

  1. to be
    Так бы́ло, так есть и так бу́дет всегда́! — from the Hymn of the Russian Federation.
    So it was, so it is, and so it will always be!

Usage notes

Omitted in the present tense except in the third-person singular, which is used occasionally to express possession or definition.

Conjugation

Imperfective aspect
infinitive
corresponding verbs normal reflexive
imperfective быть
perfective

future tense singular plural
1st person бу́ду бу́дем
2nd person бу́дешь бу́дете
3rd person бу́дет бу́дут
present tense singular plural
1st person (есмь) (есмы́)
2nd person (еси́) (е́сте)
3rd person есть (суть)
imperative будь бу́дьте

present participle active су́щий
present participle passive
present adverbial participle бу́дучи
past tense singular plural
masculine был бы́ли
feminine была́
neuter бы́ло
past participle active бы́вший
past participle passive
past adverbial participle
verbal nouns

Note 1: words enclosed in parentheses are obsolete or informal.
Note 2: for declension of participles, see their entries. Adverbial participles are indeclinable.

Other forms:

3rd person negative:
нет, не́ту
past negative:
не́ был, не была́, не́ было, не́ были
future active participle:
бу́дущий
conditional/subjunctive:
бы, б

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