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год

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Russian

Pronunciation

Etymology

Old Russian годъ (time, period) < OCS годъ (pleasant time) < PIE base *gʰedʰ- (to unite, to be associated, to be suitable). Cognates include Ukrainian годi (enough), Bulgarian годе (ever, as in кой-годе = whoever), Czech hod, Polish gody (feast), Upper Sorbian hody (Christmas), Lower Sorbian gódy (Christmas), Latvian gads (year), German Gatte (husband) and gätlich (convenient), as well as English gather and good, Dutch goed, and German gut. Descendants include Russian погода, выгода, угода, годный, and годиться.

Noun

год (god) m., годы (gódy) pl., года (godá) pl.

Usage note: Use the appropriate case of год after simple or compound numbers ending in один (1), два (2), три (3), or четыре (4), except for 11, 12, 13 and 14 (and 111 - 114, 211 - 214 etc.) - for these and all other numbers, and with adverbs of quantity (много, сколько, etc.), use the appropriate case of лето.
  1. year

Declension

Singular Plural 1 Plural 2
nominative год го́ды, года́ лета́
genitive го́да, го́ду годо́в лет
dative го́ду года́м лета́м
accusative год го́ды, года́ лета́
instrumental го́дом года́ми лета́ми
prepositional о го́де, в году́ о года́х о лета́х

Derived terms

Related terms

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