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два

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Russian

Template:lang:ru cardinal numbers
[[один#Template:lang:ru| <  1 ]] 2 [[три#Template:lang:ru|3   > ]]
    Cardinal : два
    Ordinal : [[второй#Template:lang:ru|второй]]

Pronunciation

Cardinal number

два (dva) m./n., две (dve) f.

  1. two (2)

Usage notes

два and две, when in the nominative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive singular of the noun.

два мальчикаtwo boys (lit., two of a boy)
пятьдесят два мальчикаfifty-two boys (lit., fifty-two of a boy)
  • The reason behind the genitive singular here is that, in Old Russian, два governed the dual number, and the old nominative dual form was the same as the masculine genitive singular. When the dual number was lost in Russian, the form came to be considered the genitive singular that it resembled. This was extended to include the numbers три and четыре, and eventually it was applied by analogy to feminine nouns as well.
  • While the noun in a nominative construction is in the genitive singular following два or две, an intervening adjective will be in the genitive plural (if masculine or neuter) or nominative plural (if feminine).

Declension

Masc. & neut. Feminine
nominative два две
genitive двух двух
dative двум двум
accusative два, двух две, двух
instrumental двумя́ двумя́
prepositional о двух о двух

Related terms

Derived terms


Serbian

Pronunciation

Numeral

два (Roman spelling dva)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)
    Last number: један (1)
    Next number: три (3)

Elsewhere on the web

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