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не

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Russian

Pronunciation

Particle

не (ne)

  1. (negative in full) not, no, -n't, without
    он не зна́етhe does not know
    не долете́в до це́лиwithout reaching the target
    он не ге́нийhe is no genius
    не де́лай э́того!don’t do it!
    не говори́ ни сло́ва!don’t say a word!
  2. Idiomatic negative usage
    (мне) не по себе́(I) feel sick, (I) feel uncomfortable
    не разmore than once, time and again, repeatedly, many a time
    я ви́дел вас не разI have seen you often
    тем не ме́нееnevertheless
  3. (partial negative) perhaps not, whether ... or not
    сча́стье не сча́стье, но что-то похо́жееperhaps not happiness, but something very much like it
    хо́чешь не хо́чешь, а придётся сде́латьlike it or not, you’ll have to do it
  4. will never (implying impossibility to do something)
    ему́ э́того не сде́латьhe will never do it.
  5. usually not translated, gives affirmative meaning for expression, especially in exclamations
    како́й ру́сский не лю́бит бы́строй езды́!every Russian likes to drive (a car) fast.
    кто не лю́бит пое́сть!everyone likes a good meal.

Prefix

With prepositions and pronouns не actually is a prefix, in spite of the fact that it is written separately.

Examples:

  1. не с кем (from некем)
  2. не из чего́ (from нечего)

See also


Serbian

Adverb

не

  1. not, no

Roman spelling

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

En-It

En-Fr

En-El

En-Sp

En-Mul

En-De

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