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он

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Russian

Pronunciation

Pronoun

он (on)

  1. third-person masculine singular pronoun: he, it.

Declension

Singular Plural
nominative он они́
genitive его́ (него́) их (них)
dative ему́ (нему́) им (ним)
accusative его́ (него́) их (них)
instrumental им (ним) и́ми (ни́ми)
prepositional о нём о ни́х
N.B.— Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него (ot nevó, from him), на нём (na njom, on him), у него (u nevó, he has), к нему (k nemú, to him), с ним (s nim, with him).
The explanation for the н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν, Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that сън им became modern с ним, and then this was extended to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его (i.e., when его is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: у его брата (u jevó bráta, at his brother’s), о его матери (o jevó máteri, about his mother), в его комнате (v jevó kómnate, in his room).

Related terms

See also

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

En-It

En-Fr

En-El

En-Sp

En-Mul

En-De

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