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оно

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Russian

Pronoun

оно (onó)

  1. third-person neuter singular pronoun: it.

Declension

Singular Plural
nominative оно́ они́
genitive его́ (него́) их (них)
dative ему́ (нему́) им (ним)
accusative его́ (него́) их (них)
instrumental им (ним) и́ми (ни́ми)
prepositional о нём о ни́х
N.B.— Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него (ot nevó, from it), на нём (na njom, on it), у него (u nevó, it has), к нему (k nemú, to it), с ним (s nim, with it).
The explanation for this н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν, Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that сън им became modern с ним, and then this was generalized to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его (i.e., when его is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: в его положении (v jevó položénii, in its position), о его ткани (o jevó tkáni, about its fabric), с его весом (s jevó vésom, with its weight).

Related terms

See also

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