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это

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Russian

Pronunciation

Pronoun

это (éto)

  1. (demonstrative pronoun) this, it, that
  2. neuter form of этот: this
    • Это яйцо́ — све́жее, а вот э́то — ту́хлое.This egg is fresh, and this one is rotten.
    Compare этот/эта/эти and тот/то/та/те

Particle

это (éto)

  1. Used as subject: it (is), this (is), that (is), these (are), those (are).
    Used to connect subject and predicate as kind of topic or subject marker. (However, as opposed to actual topic markers such as in Japanese, ‘это’ may be omitted without changing the meaning or breaking the sentence structure.) It does not get translated into English.
    • Со́евое молоко́ — (э́то) напи́ток, полу́ченный из зёрен со́иSoya milk is a beverage produced from soybeans.
    Note that all of the above examples are ellipses in which the actual verb (есть — is, суть — are) has been omitted, which is typical for Russian. Oftentimes, the omitted verb is replaced by an em dash.

Interjection

это (éto)

  1. uh, er, erm, umm; used in hesitant speech, expressing equivalent to the German dings.
    Я, э́то, не купи́л ничего́I’m, er, I haven't bought anything.

Idioms

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

En-It

En-Fr

En-El

En-Sp

En-Mul

En-De

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