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अश्रु

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Elias Canetti
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Hindi

Etymology

From Sanskrit अश्रु < Proto-Indo-European *dáḱru-. Cognate with Ancient Greek δάκρυ (dakru), Lithuanian ašara.

Noun

अश्रु (aśru) m.

  1. tear

Urdu spelling


Sanskrit

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru- < compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- (eye bitter). Cognates include Ancient Greek δάκρυ (dakru), Hittite 𒅖𒄩𒀪𒊒 (isḫaḫru), Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌲𐍂 (tagr) and Old English tēar (English tear).

Noun

अश्रु (áśru) n.

  1. tear
    with √muc, √kṛ or √vṛt — to shead tears, weep
    कदा सूनुः पितरं जात इछाच्चक्रन नाश्रु वर्तय'द्विजानन |
    को दम्पती समनसा वि यूयोदध यदग्निःश्वशुरेषु दीदयत ||
    kadā sūnuḥ pitaraṃ jāta ichāccakran nāśru vartayadvijānan |
    ko dampatī samanasā vi yūyodadha yadaghniḥśvaśureṣu dīdayat ||
    When will the son be born and seek his father? Mourner-like, will he weep when first he knows him?
    Who shall divide the accordant wife and husband, while fire is shining with thy consort's parents?

Declension

References

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0114
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 033
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 089
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 051

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