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Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
Your life and my life flow into each other as wave flows into wave, and unless there is peace and joy and freedom for you, there can be no real peace or joy or freedom for me. To see reality—not as we expect it to be but as it is—is to see that unless we live for each other and in and through each other, we do not really live very satisfactorily; that there can really be life only where there really is, in just this sense, love.
Frederick Buechner
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See also bu

Translingual

Stroke order
不-order.gif

Etymology

originated as a pictographic character which depicted the calyx of a flower. However, early inventors of the Chinese writing system found it difficult to find a pictograph that could represent the abstract concept of "negative," and probably sounded like the word "no" (Pinyin: bù or fǒu in modern Mandarin). As time passed, some elected to add a mouth to the bottom of the character () in order to distinguish it from the original word. Unfortunately for the poor calyx, the meaning for "no" also came to be associated with . As a result, a new character was eventually chosen to represent the original meaning (, Pinyin: fū).

Han character

(radical 1 +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一火 (MF), four-corner 10900)

  1. no, not
  2. un-
  3. negation prefix

See also

References

  • KangXi: page 76, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19
  • Dae Jaweon: page 149, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 11, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4E0D

Cantonese

Hanzi

(Yale bat1, fau2)


Japanese

Kanji

(grade 4 kanji)

Readings

Compounds


Korean

Hanja


Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): , ,  (revised: bu, bul, bi, McCune-Reischauer: pu, pul, pi, Yale: pwu, pwu, pi)
  • Name (hangeul): 아닐, 아닐,  (revised: anil, anil, keul, McCune-Reischauer: anil, anil, k'ǔl, Yale: anil, anil, khul)

References


Mandarin

Pronunciation

Adverb

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. not
    是丹麦人. — “I am not Danish.” (Literally, “I not am Danish.”)

Prefix

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin bù)

  1. no; un-; negation prefix
    你是丹麦人吗?是. — “Are you Danish? No.” (Literally, “You are Danish? Not are.”)

Hanzi

(pinyin (bu4), Wade-Giles pu4)

Usage notes

  • The tone changes from fourth to second tone when followed by a fourth-tone syllable.

Compounds

Proverbs


Middle Chinese

Han character

(*biət)


Vietnamese

Han character

(bất, phầu, phủ, phi)

Readings

References

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

Elsewhere on the web

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