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Translingual

Stroke order
国-bw.png

Etymology

In this simplified form, this character consists of 玉, the Chinese character for jade (or precious stone or gem) (representing the emperor), enclosed by the character meaning "erect," "proud," or "upright". In the Kangxi Dictionary of 1716 the character 国 is not included, but other characters like 囯, 囶 and 圀 are, as well as a character made up of three 秦. 國 is the original character.

Han character

(radical 31 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田一土戈 (WMGI), composition)

  1. nation, country, nation-state

References

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 218, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 716, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56FD

Cantonese

Hanzi

(Yale gwok3)


Japanese

Kanji

(grade 2 kanji)

Readings

Usage notes

The On reading is used in compounds like 中国 (ちゅうごく chūgoku, China) or 国語 (こくご, kokugo). In the word for China; chūgoku- the "k" in "koku" changes into a "g" because it is a compound (see rendaku).

Compounds

Noun

(hiragana くに, romaji kuni)

  1. country

Korean

Hanja

(hangeul 국, revised guk, McCune-Reischauer kuk)


Mandarin

Pronunciation

Noun

(simplified, Pinyin guó, traditional )

  1. country; nation

Hanzi

(traditional 國, pinyin guó (guo2), Wade-Giles kuo2)

Compounds

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

En-It

En-Fr

En-El

En-Sp

En-Mul

En-De

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