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Translingual

Stroke order
字-bw.png

Etymology

From roof + child. Root meaning: to give birth. also serves as a phonetic element.

Han character

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十弓木 (JND), four-corner 30407, composition)

  1. letter, character, word

References

  • KangXi: page 277, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6942
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1010, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B57

Cantonese

simpl. and trad.

Hanzi

(jyutping zi6, Yale ji6)


Japanese

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 字 with the southern pronunciation (kango, Go-on).

Noun

(hiragana , romaji ji)

  1. a letter, character
    この字は何て読みますか?
    このじはなんてよみますか?
    kono ji wa nante yomimasuka?
    How do you pronounce this letter?
  2. handwriting
    彼女は字が上手い。
    かのじょはじがうまい。
    kanojo wa ji ga umai.
    She has good handwriting.

Counter

(hiragana , romaji ji)

  1. letters, characters
    40字以内で書いてください。
    よんじゅうじいないでかいてください。
    yonjū-ji inai de kaite kudasai.
    Please write it down within 40 letters.

Kanji

(grade 1 kanji)

Readings
Compounds
  • 字解 (じかい, jikai)
  • 字義 (じぎ, jigi): the meaning of a word
  • 字源 (じげん, jigen): the construction of a character
  • 字体 (じたい, jitai): font or lettering
  • 字典 (じてん, jiten): character dictionary
  • 字母 (じぼ, jibo): letter (of the alphabet)
  • 漢字 (かんじ, kanji): Chinese characters
    漢字返し (kanji-gaeshi) kanji repeater
  • 文字 (もじ, moji): letter, character, or ideograph
  • 字引 (じびき, jibiki): dictionary
  • 数字 (すうじ, sūji): numeral or number

Etymology 2

Shortened form of あざな azana "a section of a village" of ancient Japanese origin (wago).

Noun

(hiragana あざ, romaji aza)

  1. a section of a village
Derived terms

Korean

Hanja


Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ja, McCune-Reischauer: cha)
  • Name (hangeul): 글자()

Late Middle Chinese

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation

Noun

(Baxter dziH)

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. (archaic) Chinese style name

References


Mandarin

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation

Hanzi

(pinyin (zi4), Wade-Giles tzu4)

Noun

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zì)

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. (archaic) Chinese style name

Derived terms

See also


Min Nan

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation

Noun

(traditional and simplified, POJ or )

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. (archaic) Chinese style name

Derived terms

See also


Old Chinese

simpl. and trad.

Noun

  1. Chinese writing
  2. Chinese character; Chinese characters
  3. (archaic) Chinese style name

Verb

  1. (archaic) to give birth (to lay an egg, in the case of a bird)
  2. (archaic) to nurse
  3. (archaic) to nurture
  4. (archaic) to love
  5. (archaic) to marry; to wed
  6. (archaic) to educate

References


Vietnamese

Han character

(tự)

Readings

References

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

Compounds

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

En-It

En-Fr

En-El

En-Sp

En-Mul

En-De

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