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If you want to be happy for a year, plant a garden; If you want to be happy for life, plant a tree.
English Proverb
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See also , , and

Translingual

Stroke order
日-order.gif

Etymology

From a pictographic representation of the sun.

日 日 日 日
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

See the table at the Wikipedia article on Chinese character classification for other forms.

Han character

(radical 72 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100, composition)

  1. sun
  2. day
  3. daytime
  4. shorthand for 日本 (Japan)

References

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5
  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter

Cantonese

Hanzi

(jyutping jat6, Yale yat6)


Japanese

Noun

(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. sun
  2. day

Counter

(, ka)

Pronunciation varies depending on the number.

  1. days, day of the month
    1. 一日
      • (いちにち, ichinichi): one day
      • (ついたち, tsuitachi): first day of the month
    2. 二日 (ふつか, futsuka): two days, second day of the month
    3. 三日 (みっか, mikka): three days, third day of the month
    4. 四日 (よっか, yokka): four days, fourth day of the month
    5. 五日 (いつか, itsuka): five days, fifth day of the month
    6. 六日 (むいか, muika): six days, sixth day of the month
    7. 七日 (なのか, nanoka): seven days, seventh day of the month
    8. 八日 (ようか, yōka): eight days, eighth day of the month
    9. 九日 (ここのか, kokonoka): nine days, ninth day of the month
    10. 十日 (とおか, tōka): ten days, tenth day of the month
    11. 十一日 (じゅういちにち, jūichinichi): eleven days, eleventh day of the month
    12. 十二日 (じゅうににち, jūninichi): twelve days, twelfth day of the month
    13. 十三日 (じゅうさんにち, jūsannichi): thirteen days, thirteenth day of the month
    14. 十四日 (じゅうよっか, jūyokka or じゅうよにち, jūyonichi): fourteen days, fourteenth day of the month
    15. 十五日 (じゅうごにち, jūgonichi): fifteen days, fifteenth day of the month
    16. 十六日 (じゅうろくにち, jūrokunichi): sixteen days, sixteenth day of the month
    17. 十七日 (じゅうしちにち, jūshichinichi or じゅうななにち, jūnananichi): seventeen days, seventeenth day of the month
    18. 十八日 (じゅうはちにち, jūhachinichi): eighteen days, eighteenth day of the month
    19. 十九日 (じゅうくにち, jūkunichi or じゅうきゅうにち, jūkyūnichi): nineteen days, nineteenth day of the month
    20. 二十日 (はつか, hatsuka): twenty days, twentieth day of the month
    21. 二十一日 (にじゅういちにち, nijūichinichi): twenty-one days, twenty-first day of the month
      ...and so forth, with twenties through nineties mimicking the forms used in the teens. Hundreds, thousands, ten thousands, etc. take にち nichi, and anything coming after the hundred or thousand matches the form shown above (e.g. 114 is ひゃくじゅうよっか hyakujūyokka, which matches 14 or じゅうよっか jūyokka)

Kanji

(grade 1 kanji)

Readings

Compounds


Korean

Hanja


Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): 일 (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul): 날 (revised: nal, McCune-Reischauer: nal, Yale: nal)

Compounds


Mandarin

Pronunciation

Noun

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin rì)

  1. (literary) sun
  2. (literary) day
  3. (literary) day of the month

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms


Middle Chinese

Han character

(*njit)


Min Nan

Hanzi

(POJ ji̍t)


Vietnamese

Han character

(nhật, nhặt, nhạt, nhựt)

Compounds

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

En-It

En-Fr

En-El

En-Sp

En-Mul

En-De

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