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The etymology is ambiguous. The traditional etymology is: Ideogrammic compound (會意): 日 (“‘sun’”) + 月 (“‘moon’”), which is what the modern form suggests. However, some older forms of the character have a more complex form, and show a moon shining through a window – the development is not as simple as the current form suggests.
- KangXi: page 491, character 12
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13805
- Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 18
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1491, character 8
- Unihan data for U+660E
明 (jyutping ming4, Yale ming4)
明 (grade 2 kanji)
- Go'on: みょう (myō)
- Kan'on: めい (mei)
- Tō'on: みん (min)
- Kun: あかるい (明るい, akarui), あきらか (明らか, akiraka), あける (明ける, akeru)
明 (hangeul 명, revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)
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