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아니다

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Korean

Etymology

Native Korean word, first recorded in the Seokbo sangjeol, 1447, as 아니다 (anida). Presumably formed from the combination of 아니 (ani, “no”) and 이다 (ida, “to be”).

Pronunciation

Adjective

아니다 (revised anida)  infinitive , sequential 아니니

  1. To be not (something)
    • 사람짐승아니다.
      Sarameun jimseung-i anida.
      Men are not animals.

Usage notes

아니다 (anida) is the Korean negative copula. Along with its positive, 이다 (ida), it is often categorized as a Korean adjective, but often placed in their own grammatical category distinct from both verbs and adjectives. Unlike 이다 (ida), 아니다 (anida) is not appended to the preceding word, but written after an intervening space.

Conjugation

  • 해라체 (haerache, “plain”): 아니다, 아니었다, 아니겠다; 아니냐, 아니었느냐, 아니겠느냐
  • 해요체 (haeyoche, “polite”): (Confirmation of this inflected form is sought) 아니야요, 아니었어요, 아니겠어요
  • 해체 (haeche, “informal”): 아니야, 아니었어, 아니겠어
  • 합쇼체 (hapsyoche, “formal”): 아닙니다, 아니었습니다, 아니겠습니다; 아닙니까, 아니었습니까, 아니겠습니까

Antonyms

  • 이다 (ida, “to be (something)”)

See also

  • 있다 (itda, “to exist”)
  • 없다 (eopda, “not to exist”)

Elsewhere on the web

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