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-a

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English

Etymology 1

From the homographic case endings of the nominative, accusative, and vocative forms of numerous [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] neuter second declension nouns.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-a (plural)

  1. Plural form of -um.
Derived terms
See also
Translations

Etymology 2

Possibly due to the propensity in some non-rhotic dialects to pronounce words ending in -er as if they ended in an -a.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-a

  1. (Geordie) Same as -er in Standard English.
    me fatha was a corka burna doon the shipyard — “My father was a corker burner at the shipyard.”
  2. (slang) Used to replace -er in nouns.
    gangsta — “gangster”
    brotha — “brother”
See also

Croatian

Suffix

-a

  1. Suffix appended to words (usually verbal stems) to create a feminine noun, usually denoting a relation or to form a proper noun.

Dutch

Suffix

-a (plural)

  1. Plural form of -um.

Synonyms


Esperanto

Etymology

From adjective and possessive suffixes of French ma, [[w:Template:lang:it language|Template:lang:it]][[Category:eo:Template:lang:it derivations]] mia, Spanish mía, fría.

Suffix

-a

  1. Related to, in the manner of, of. (Ending for all adjectives in Esperanto.)
    belo; bela — “beauty; beautiful”
    dekstro; dekstra — “the right direction (as opposed to left); to the right”
    vero; vera — “truth; true”
  2. Belonging to, of. (Ending for all possessive pronouns in Esperanto.)
    mia — “of me, my”
    via — “of you, your”
    ilia — “of them, their”
  3. -kind of. (Ending of all correlatives of kind in Esperanto.)
    kia — “what kind of
    tia — “that kind of
    nenia — “no kind of

Derived terms


Finnish

Alternative forms

  • (in words with front vowel harmony)

Etymology

Originally the so-called weak suffixal gradation form of the partitive suffix -ta (/ða/ or /ðæ/).

Suffix

-a (in words with back vowel harmony)

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) Forms the partitive case of nouns, adjectives and some pronouns.

Usage notes

  • This suffix is used after a short vowel or the plural marker -j-.

See also


French

Suffix

-a

  1. Suffix indicating the third-person singular past historic of -er verbs.

Icelandic

Suffix

-a [[Category:Template:lang:is suffixes|a]]

  1. Used to form verbs from nouns.
    sparksparka — a kick → to kick
    mjólkmjólka — milk → to milk
    vonvona — hope → to hope
    ávarpávarpa — an address → to address
    ritrita — a writ → to write
    rassrassa — an ass → to spank (on the ass)

Derived terms

See also


Italian

Suffix

-a [[Category:Template:lang:it suffixes|a]]

  1. Used, with a stem, to form the third person singular present tense of -are verbs.
  2. Used, with a stem, to form the second person singular imperative of -are verbs.
  3. Used, with a stem, to form the first person singular, second person singular and third person singular present subjunctive of -ere verbs, and of those -ire verbs that do not insert "isc".
  4. Used, with a stem, to form the third person singular imperative of -ere verbs, and of those -ire verbs that do not insert "isc".

Latin

Pronunciation

Suffix

-a (plural)[[Category:Template:lang:la suffixes|a]]

  1. Plural form of -um.

Spanish

Suffix

-a

  1. -ess. (Used to form feminine singular nouns.)
    señor; señora — “gentleman; lady”
    camarero; camarera — “waitor; waitress”
  2. (Used to form the feminine singular adjectives.)
    frío; fría — “cold; cold”
  3. -s. (Used to form the third person singular (also used with usted) present indicative mood of regular -ar verbs.)
    hablar; habla — “to talk; talks”
  4. (Used to form the first and third person singular (also used with usted) singular subjunctive mood of -er and -ir verbs.)
    comer; aunque yo coma — “to eat; even if I ate”
  5. (Used to form the second person singular imperative mood of -ar verbs.)
    hablar; ¡Habla! — “to talk; Talk!”

Derived terms


Swedish

Suffix

-a

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) indicates that the corresponding noun is either in plural, or that it is definite form, of non-masculine gender.
  2. Marker of definiteness for noun plurals ending in -n (fourth declension).
  3. läten;, lätena; "sounds; the sounds"
  4. Used to create new verbs from a noun, in the infinitive.
    disk;, att diska — “dishes; to do the dishes”
    Lås; att låsa en dörr — “lock; to lock a door”

Turkish

Alternative forms

  • (after a vowel) -ya, -ye
  • (after a possessive, dative only) -na, -ne
  • (in words with front vowel harmony) -e

Suffix

-a (in words with back vowel harmony)

  1. Used to form the dative case.
    İstanbul’a — “to Istanbul”
    Ankara’ya — “to Ankara”
    İzmir’e — “to Izmir”
    babasına — “to his father”
  2. Used to form gerunds.
    yürüye — “by walking”

Elsewhere on the web

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