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-an

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English

Etymology

From Latin adjective suffix -anus

Suffix

-an

  1. of or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    Rome, Roman
    Minnesota, Minnesotan

Synonyms

Translations


Croatian

Suffix

-an

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a (often negative) feature or endearment.

Suffix

-an

  1. Suffix appended to words to create an adjective.

See also


Finnish

Suffix

-an

  1. (personal) Forms the impersonal indicative present forms of verbs that include back vowels (a, o or u or i or e with a, o or u — cf. -än), appended to the infinitive.
    • No changes in verbs that end in one a.
    juosta + -an -> juostaan
    • Verbs ending in -oa the beginning stem is followed by -ta- and then by this.
    sanoa, stem sano- + -ta- + -an -> sanotaan
    • Verbs ending in -aa or -ea the beginning stem is followed by -eta- and then by this.
    laittaa, stem lait- + -eta- + -an -> laitetaan
    paistaa, stem paist- + -eta- + -an -> paistetaan
    laskea, stem lask- + -eta- + -an -> lasketaan
  2. (case suffix) A suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.
    laiva boat (word includes back vowels, a — cf. -än) -> + -an = laivaan (on)to a/the boat; (in)to a/the boat
  3. (possessive) A variant for the third-person suffix -nsa, see the usage notes below.

Usage notes

  • (third-person possessive suffix variant): When the third-person suffix -nsa is appended to nouns that are in singular and plural inessive, elative, adessive, ablative, essive and abessive and plural partitive and singular partitive ending with -ta, the S and A are very often omitted from the suffix and the last A of the case suffix preceding the remaining N is doubled — resulting in this -an. In standard Finnish, both the "full" form and the shortened form are acceptable (cf. -nsä). This same omission takes very often place also in the nominal verb forms used in shortened sentences (see the meanings of -nsa) and in the adverbs requiring this suffix:
Singular
(parti.) laitettansa -> laitettaan — koiraansa -> -"- (no changes)
(iness.) laitteessansa -> laitteessaan — koirassansa -> koirassaan
(elat.) laitteestansa -> laitteestaan — koirastansa -> koirastaan
(adess.) laitteellansa -> laitteellaan — koirallansa -> koirallaan
(ablat.) laitteeltansa -> laitteeltaan — koiraltansa -> koiraltaan
(ess.) laitteenansa -> laitteenaan — koiranansa -> koiranaan
(abess.) laitteettansa -> laitteettaan — koirattansa -> koirattaan
Plural
(partit.) laitteitansa -> laitteitaan — koiriansa -> koiriaan
(iness.) laitteissansa -> laitteissaan — koirissansa -> koirissaan
(elat.) laitteistansa -> laitteistaan — koiristansa -> koiristaan
(adess.) laitteillansa -> laitteillaan — koirillansa -> koirillaan
(ablat.) laitteiltansa -> laitteiltaan — koiriltansa -> koiriltaan
(ess.) laitteinansa -> laitteinaan — koirinansa -> koirinaan
(abess.) laitteittansa -> laitteittaan — koirittansa -> koirittaan

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Suffix

-an

  1. Creates adverbs from adjectives in back vowel words. The front vowel version is -en.

See also


Scottish Gaelic

Pronunciation

Suffix

-an

  1. A masculine suffix used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something, often used for male given names.
    1. Cailean, Eòghan, Ailean, Beathan
    2. clàran, clachan, bioran
  2. Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
    1. aibhneachan, coilltean, clachan, damhan, leannanan

Spanish

Suffix

-an

  1. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present indicative of -ar verbs.
  2. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.
  3. Suffix indicating the third-person plural imperative of -er and -ir verbs.

See also

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

En-It

En-Fr

En-El

En-Sp

En-Mul

En-De

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