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-lla

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I shall always be a priest of love.
D. H. Lawrence
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See also lla

Finnish

Suffix

-lla (in words with back vowel harmony)

-llä (in words with front vowel harmony)

  1. Case suffix of the adessive case.
  2. Suffix for the frequentative verbs. The resulting verb often describes a more or less leisurely or long-lasting activity or an activity that is not overly goal-oriented. Sometimes the logic is not obvious, though. The stem of the verb may have to be modified to fit the ending. Examples:
    • jonottaa -> jonotella = to queue up -> to queue up without a clear vision of the result
    • käsittää -> käsitellä = to grasp (to understand) -> to handle, to process
    • muistaa -> muistella = to remember -> to think back; to commemorate
    • nostaa -> nostella = to lift -> to lift repeatedly
    • ostaa -> ostella = to buy -> to shop (around)
    • rakastaa -> rakastella = to love -> to make love
    • savuttaa -> savutella = to smoke (to produce smoke) -> to smoke (to consume tobacco)
    Usage notes: In some cases this is used to "jump" over the "normal" verb formed with the suffix -ta and a noun. In that case, this comes with an -i-. The result describes an activity closely related with the object described by the noun.
    • auto -> *autota (non-existent) -> autoilla = a car -> to drive a car
    • maja -> *majata (non-existent) -> majailla = a hut -> to stay
    • pallo -> *pallota (non-existent) -> palloilla = a ball -> to play a ballgame
    In some cases the "normal" verb with -ta is used but it describes usually much more intensive action than the derivative with -lla or action that the speaker considers unpreferable.
    • into ("enthusiasm") -> innota ("to enthuse overly") -> intoilla ("to be excited")

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