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-n

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Esperanto

Suffix

-n

  1. accusative ending, also marks direction.

Finnish

Etymology 1

From the Uralic genitive suffix *-n.

Suffix

-n

  1. (case suffix) Used to form the genitive case.
    tytön takki "a girl's coat"
    poikani takki "the coat of my son"
Usage notes
  • When possessive suffixes are used, the genitive hasn't got its suffix -n. The possessive suffixes are appended to a vowel stem instead, thus often rendering the nominative and genitive singular identical.

Etymology 2

  • From Fenno-Volgaic accusative suffix *-m.

Suffix

-n

  1. (case suffix) Used to form the accusative case.
Usage notes
  • The genitive singular and accusative singular look coincidentally identical in Finnish. The object of an transitive verb may look also like the nominative but it's still called the accusative in traditional grammars. There's also the partial object, which uses the partitive case. For the accusative forms of personal pronouns and the interrogative pronoun ken, see -t.

Etymology 3

This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology.

Suffix

-n (not used with possessive suffixes)

  1. (case suffix) Used to form the instructive case, usually only in the plural.
    Pääsin ojan yli kuivin jaloin "I could cross the ditch with dry feet."
Usage notes
  • The only occasion where this suffix is used with a possessive suffix — without being to be translated — is the idiom käydä päin "to be acceptable" (the plural stem päi- of the noun pää and the suffix -nsä).

Etymology 4

  • From the Uralic first-person singular suffix *-mV, probably connected with the first person pronoun *mV; see eg. Finnish minä.

Suffix

-n

  1. (personal) The first-person singular suffix for verbs:
    • lukea -> luen "I read/am reading"
    • kadottaa -> kadotin "I lost (an item)"
    • tulla -> en tule "I won't come/I'm not coming" (to express neagtion, the suffix is in the negation verb instead of the main verb)
See also
External links

Swedish

Suffix

-n

  1. Suffix for singular definite form of common nouns, especially those ending with a vowel. See also -en
  2. Suffix for plural definite form of neuter nouns, if they end in a vowel. See also -t, -en.
  3. A version of the -en of the fourth conjugation past participles. This allomorph is used only before the suffix -a, which marks for plural or definiteness. The -na og these participle forms may also be seen described as one morpheme.

Elsewhere on the web

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