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-nne

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
Love is what is left in a relationship after all the selfishness is taken out.
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See also NNE

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: -n·ne (the N is in the last syllable of the actual word, e.g. yh·ti·ön·ne)
  • Pronounced as written. The first cyllables of Finnish words are always stressed, so no emphasis on this.

Suffix

-nne (appended to the (strong) vowel stem; the final -n of the genitive and illative singular and plural or the -t of the nominative plural is omitted)

  1. (possessive) suffix used with or without teidän (the genitive of the personal pronoun te), corresponds to the English possessive pronoun your (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person):
  2. (possessive) appended to a genitive-requiring postposition that is after or without teidän (the genitive of the personal pronoun te), you (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person):
  3. (possessive) used in a participle structure replacing an "että" clause, preceded by a verb expressing e.g. telling, claiming, asserting, confirming, thinking, wish, desire, seeming, when the clauses have the same subject "you" (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person); appended to the active present participle in genitive when the action is concurrent with the main clause:
  4. (possessive) used in a participle structure replacing an "että" clause, preceded by a verb expressing e.g. telling, claiming, asserting, confirming, thinking, wish, desire, seeming, when the clauses have the same subject "you" (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person); appended to the active past participle in genitive singular when the said/alleged (etc.) action antedates the main clause:
  5. (possessive) used in a shortened sentence expressing concurrent actions when the clauses have the same subject "you" (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person), appended to the inessive of the inessive of the active second infinitive:
  6. (possessive) used in a shortened sentence expressing subsequent actions when the clauses have the same subject "you" (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person), appended to the partitive of the passive past participle singular:
    • Tehtyänne läksynne (te) kuulitte laukauksen ulkoa.
      • (After) having done / After doing your homework, you heard a shot from outside.
  7. (possessive) used in a final shortened sentence expressing "in order to do" when the clauses have the same subject "you" (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person), appended to the long first infinitive:
  8. (possessive) Used in some adverbs, when the clause has the subject "you" (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person).
  9. (possessive) Always appended to a noun in the comitative case when the clause has the subject "you" (addressing many persons or politely or formally one person).

Usage notes

  • The possessive suffix -nne is used in standard Finnish. The genitive form of the corresponding personal pronoun "te" before the main word can, depending on the context, be sometimes omitted in written language if the sentence remains fluent. In colloquial Finnish, the suffix -nne is very rare and only the genitive form "teidän" (or its colloquial or dialectal variants) before the main word is used.
  • The shortened sentences — except for the participle structures — pertain mainly to standard Finnish, not to spoken Finnish. It is also to be noticed that the shortened clauses are never separated from the main clauses with a comma.

Derived terms

See also

Elsewhere on the web

En-En

En-It

En-Fr

En-El

En-Sp

En-Mul

En-De

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