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-s

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
Live as you would have wished to live when you come to die.
Gellert
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See also s, S, and 's

English

Pronunciation

following an unvoiced consonant
postvocalic or following a voiced consonant

Etymology 1

From Old English -as, pluralisation suffix.

Suffix

-s

  1. Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
    one computerfive computers
Related terms
Derived terms

see Category:English plurals

Etymology 2

Of a dialectal Old English origin.

Suffix

-s

  1. Used to form the third-person singular indicative present tense of verbs.
    to eathe eats
Related terms
Derived terms

see Category:English third-person singular forms


Dutch

Suffix

-s

  1. Used to form regular plurals of certain nouns (ending in e.g. -el,-er,-en,-em,-aar or diminutive -je).
    bodem - bodems
  2. (archaic) Used to form the genitive case of (strong) masculine and neuter nouns.
    tijd - de tand des tijds
  3. Used to form the partitive form of the adjective
    lief -- iets liefs
  4. Used to form adverbs and/or adjectives
    stad -- steeds
    loop -- loops
  5. Used to form adjectives from names of nations or countries.
    Finland -- Fins
  6. Used to form language names from names of peoples or countries
    Finland -- Fins

Usage notes

  • In cases regarding words of Latin origins ending with -um, the -s plural as a suffix is placed behind the word ending with -um. Thus the plural of -um is -um + -s. It is 1 of 2 plurals of -um, the other being -um becomes -a.

Derived terms

  • The adverbial /adjectival -s is combines with other suffixes like :
-lijk-lijks
-je-jes
-ling-lings
Also forms part of -waarts

Finnish

Suffix

-s

  1. (case suffix; colloquial or dialectal) Used to form the inessive case.

Suffix

-s

  1. (nominal) Used to form ordinal numbers from cardinal numbers, or ordinal pronouns.
    mones

Usage notes

  • The ordinal suffix is appended to the genitive singular stem of the numeral or other word.
  • It has the form -s only in the nominative singular. The suffix has strong vowel stem -nte-, weak vowel stem -nne-, partitive singular stem -t- and plural stem -nsi-. For example, the genitive singular of viisi "5" is viiden, whence the genitive singular stem viide-:
case form
nominative singular viides
genitive singular viidennen
partitive singular viidet
essive singular viidente
genitive plural viidensien
partitive plural viidensiä

Particle

-s

  1. (enclitic) When appended to a second-person singular or plural imperative, gives the command or request slightly rude or impatient tone – often with different verbs and different independent particles adjacent, the tone is different:
    • Kuules nyt! (addressing one person)
      • Hey, listen to me! (with nyt, quite an established expression of frustration, speaker very impatient)
    • Kuulkaas nyt! (addressing many persons or formally one person)
      • Hey, listen to me! (same tone as above)
    • Tees nämä tehtävät. (addressing one person, tone less impatient)
      • Do these exercises, please.
  2. (enclitic) When appended to the particle -pa/-pä that is appended to a second-person singular or plural imperative, gives the command or request a slightly more persuasive or inspiring tone:
    • Laitapas lautaset pöytään.
      • Hey, set the table, will you?
  3. (enclitic) Mainly in informal contexts: a particle appended to an interrogative suffix -ko/-kö of the verb conjugated (also - with the negation verb) in order to bring the conversation partner or a person outside the conversation, talked about, emotionally closer to the speaker, or to create familiarity into the conversation; also to express that closeness or familiarity – sometimes very difficult to translate well into English, in some cases corresponds the tag questions:
  4. (enclitic; colloquial) appended to the shortened impersonal indicative present form (-n omitted) to soften the command or request or to make it more persuasive:
    • tehdään > tehdää + -s — Tehdääs tämä huomenna. = Let's do this tomorrow.

See also


French

Suffix

-s

  1. Used to form the regular plural of nouns.
    hommes

See also


Hungarian

Suffix

-s

  1. Creates adjectives from nouns meaning "having something", a quality.
    (salt) - sós (salty)
  2. Creates nouns from nouns, for example names of occupations and collective nouns.
    hajó (ship) - hajós (sailor)
  3. Creates digits or figures from ordinal numbers.
    nulla (zero) - nullás (the digit or figure 0)

Usage notes

The form -s is used with words ending in a vowel. The vowels a and e often change á and é. See also -es and -ös that are used with front vowel harmony and -os that is used with back vowel harmony.


Norwegian

Suffix

-s

  1. Used to form the genitive case of nouns.
  2. Used to form the passive of verbs.

Usage notes

  • If the genitive noun already ends with a sibilant, only an apostrophe (-') is added. It is incorrect to use an apostrophe before the s.

Spanish

Suffix

-s

  1. Used to form the regular plural of nouns.
    amigos

Swedish

Suffix

-s

  1. Used to form the genitive case of nouns.
  2. Used to inflect verbs for the passive voice.

Elsewhere on the web

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