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Appendix:Latin third conjugation

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In love, as in gluttony, pleasure is a matter of the utmost precision.
Italo Calvino
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The Latin third conjugation has an infinitive ending in '-ere'.
Some third conjugation verbs include an i in the stem, which is included before the ending in present, future, imperfect active and passive except for the 2nd person singular present passive.

Example

lego, legere, legi, lectus - read

Active Indicative

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lego I read legimus We read
2nd legis You read legitis You (pl.) read
3rd legit He/she/it reads legunt They read

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legebam I was reading legebamus We were reading
2nd legebas You were reading legebatis You (pl.) were reading
3rd legebat He/she/it was reading legebant They were reading

Future

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legam I will read legemus We will read
2nd leges You will read legetis You (pl.) will read
3rd leget He/she/it will read legent They will read

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legi I have read legimus We have read
2nd legisti You have read legistis You (pl.) have read
3rd legit He/she/it has read legerunt They have read

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legeram I had read legeramus We had read
2nd legeras You had read legeratis You (pl.) had read
3rd legerat He/she/it had read legerant They had read

Future Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legero I will have read legerimus We will have read
2nd legeris You will have read legeritis You (pl.) will have read
3rd legerit He/she/it will have read legerint They will have read

Passive Indicative

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legor I am read legimur We are read
2nd legeris You are read legimini You (pl.) are read
3rd legitur It is read leguntur They are read

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legebar I was read legebamur We were read
2nd legebaris You were read legebamini You (pl.) were read
3rd legebarit It was read legebantur They were read

Future

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st legar I will be warned legemur We will be warned
2nd legeris You will be warned legemini You (pl.) will be warned
3rd legetur He/she/it will be warned legentur They will be warned

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lectus sum I have been read lecti sumus We have been read
2nd lectus es You have been read lecti estis You (pl.) have been read
3rd lectus est He has been read lecti sunt They have been read

Note: Suffixes change according to gender: -us m., -a f., -um n., -i m/pl, -ae f/pl, -a n/pl.

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lectus eram I had been read lecti eramus We had been read
2nd lectus eras You had been read lecti eratis You (pl.) had been read
3rd lectus erat He had been read lecti erant They had been read

Note: Suffixes change according to gender: -us m., -a f., -um n., -i m/pl, -ae f/pl, -a n/pl.

Future Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st lectus ero I will have been read lecti erimus We will have been read
2nd lectus eris You will have been read lecti eritis You (pl.) will have been read
3rd lectus erit He will have been read lecti erunt They will have been read

Note: Suffixes change according to gender: -us m., -a f., -um n., -i m/pl, -ae f/pl, -a n/pl.

Imperative

Active
Lege! (sing.) Read!
Legite! (pl.) Read!

Passive
See above.

Gerunds

Infinitives and Participles

Act. Inf. - Legere
Pass. Inf. - Legi
Act. Perf. Inf. - Legisse
Pres. Part. - Legens
Fut. Part. - Lecturus

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