Visit the forum if you have a language query!

Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/ǵ

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
Life is a succession of lessons enforced by immediate reward, or, oftener, by immediate chastisement.
Ernest Dimnet
Jump to: navigation, search
Root Meaning Derivatives
*ǵebʰ- jaw Lith. žebenkštė, Ltv. zebiekste, Russ. зоб (zob), Ir. gopchóel/gob, Gm. /Kiefer, Eng. ceafl/jowl, ON keptr, Av. zafana
*ǵeme- to marry Skr. जामातर् (jāmātar), Av. zāmātar, Gk. γαμβρός (gambros), Lat. gener
*ǵenH₁- (*ǵénH₁ō [1ps]) to give birth Gk. γένος (genos), Lat. genus, Eng. cyn/kin; cyning/king, Gm. kind/Kind; kuning/König, Russ. зять (zjat'), Polish zieć, Av. zīzənti, Skr. जाति (jāti), Kamviri zut, Thrac. zenis, Phryg. cin, Ir. adgainemmar/geinim, Goth. kuni, Lith. gimdyti, Ltv. znots, Welsh geni, Gaul. Cintugnātus, ON kind; konungr, Pers. /zāēdan, Hitt. genzu, Arm. ծնել (cnel/dznel), Toch. kän/kän, Alb. dhëndër/dhândër, Oscan Genetaí, Umbrian natine, OCS zętĭ
*ǵenu- cheek Lat. gena, Welsh genou, Gk. γένυς (genus), Goth. kinnus, Skr. हनु (hanu), Av. zanu, Lith. žandas, Ltv. zods, Phryg. azon, Toch. śanwem/, Arm. ծնօտ (cnōt/dznōd), Eng. cin/chin, Gm. chinni/Kinn, Ir. gin/gionach, ON kinn, Pers. /goune(h), XMK kanadoi
*ǵeus- taste Lat. dēgūnō, Goth. kiusan, Gm. kiosan/kiesen, Skr. जोषति (joati), Av. zaošō, Alb. dashur, Polish gust, Eng. ceosan/choose, Pers. dauš/, Ir. asagussim/—, Gk. γεύομαι (geuomai)
*ǵH₂lōu- brother's wife OCS zlŭva, Russ. золовка (zolovka), Gk. γάλως (galōs), Phryg. gelaros, Polish zełwa
*ǵneH₃- to know Lat. (g)noscō, OCS знати (znati), Russ. знать (znat'), Polish znać, Lith. žinoti, Ltv. zināt, Skr. जानाति (jānāti), Av. paitizānənti, Eng. cnāwan/know, Toch. knān/nān, Ir. /gnath, Gk. γιγνώσκω (gignōskō), Alb. njeh, Hitt. kanes, Arm. ծանօթ (canōt'/dzanōt'), Kashmiri zānun, Osset. zon, Gm. kunnan/können; irchennan/kennen, Pers. xšnāsātiy/, ON kunna; kenna, Old Prussian posinnāts, Goth. kunnan; kannjan, Umbrian naratu, Welsh gnawd
*ǵr̥H₁-no- corn Lat. grānum, Ir. grán/grán, OCS зрьно (zrĭno), Russ. зерно (zerno), Polish ziarno, Lith. žirnis, Ltv. zirnis, Gm. kerno/Korn, Welsh grawn, Eng. corn/corn, Old Prussian syrne, ON korn, Goth. kaúrn
*ǵónu knee Lat. genū, Russ. звено (zveno), Hitt. gienu, Palaic ginu-, Gk. γόνυ (gonu), Skr. जानु (jānu), Illyr. Genusus, Gm. kniu/Knie, Pers. /zānu, Eng. cnēo/knee, ON kne, Goth. kniu, Av. žnūm, Toch. kanwe/kenīne, Arm. ծունկ (cunk/dzung)
*ǵómbʰo- ledge->tooth Lat. gemma, Gk. γόμφος (gomphos), Skr. जम्भ (jambha), Lith. žambas, Ltv. zobs, Alb. dhëmb/dhamb, XMK kombous, Eng. comb/comb, Toch. kam/keme, Russ. зуб (zub), Arm. ծամել (camel/dzamel), Kamviri zâmoa, Polish ząb, ON kambr, Gm. kamb/Kamm, OCS зѫбъ (zǫbŭ)