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Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/ǵʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*ǵʰáns goose Gk. χήν (khēn), Skr. हंस (haṃsá), Lat. [[anser#Template:lang:la|ānser]], Ir. géiss/gé, Eng. gōs/goose, Russ. гусь (gus'), Lith. žąsis, Ltv. zoss, Gm. gans/Gans, Old Prussian sansy, Goth. gansus, ON gás, Av. zā, Polish gęś, Pers. /ġāz, Alb. gatë
*ǵʰasdʰo- stick Russ. жердь (žerd'), Ir. gat, Goth. gazds, ON gaddr, Eng. gād/goad, Gm. gart/Gart, Skt. hinvoti
*ǵʰasto- hand Eng. gerd/yard, Lat. hestos; hasta; praestō, Umbrian hostatu, Ir. gass/gas, Lith. pa-žastẽ, Skt. hástas, Avest. zasta, Pers. dasta/
*ǵʰel- to shine Lat. helvus; fel, Lith. gelta; žalias; želta, Ltv. dzeltens; zaļš; zelts, Russ. жёлтый; зелёный; золото (žëltyj; zelënyj; zoloto), Gm. gelo/gelb; gold/Gold, Phryg. zelkia, Eng. geolu/yellow; gold/gold, Alb. dhelpër/dhelpën, Welsh gelw, Ir. gel/gealach, Polish żółty; zielony; złoto, Gk. χλωρός (khlōros), ON gulr; gull, Pers. /zard; daraniya/, Av. zaray; zaranya, Goth. gulþ, Skr. हरि (hári); हिरण्य (hiraṇya), Old Prussian gelatynan; saligan; sealtmeno, OCS злато (zlato); зєлєнъ (zelenŭ)
*ǵʰelun-eh₂- pine Gk. χεῖλος (kheilos), Arm. ջելուն (jelun/čelun), ON giolnar, Lith. pušis, Ir. /giúis
*ǵʰer- bowels Lat. hernia, Skr. हिर (híra), Gk. χορδή (khordē), ON gǫrn, Gm. garn/Garn, Eng. gearn/yarn, Arm. ջառ (ja/ča), Lith. žarna, Ltv. zarna, Hitt. karat, Alb. zorrë
*ǵʰer- to enclose Lith. gardas; žardas, Ltv. zārds, Phryg. gordum, Lat. hortus, Skr. हरति (harati), Welsh garth, Eng. geard/yard, Gm. garto/Garten, ON garðr, Gk. χόρτος (khórtos), Ir. gort, Oscan herííad, Gaul. gorto, Hitt. gurtas, Goth. garda, Alb. gardh, Russ. город (gorod), Toch. /kerccī, Avest. gərədha
*ǵʰers- rigid Alb. derr, Skr. हर्षते (harate), Av. zaršayamna, Arm. ձար (dzar/car), Gk. χέρσος (khersos), Lat. horrēo, Ir. garb/garbh, Welsh garw, Eng. gorst/
*ǵʰew- pour Lat. fūtis; fundo, Gk. χύνω (khunō); khylós, Skr. जुहोति (juhóti), Goth. giutan, Gm. giozan/giessen, Eng. guttas/gut, ON gjóta, Arm. ձուլել (dzulel/culel), Av. zaotar, Pers. zōr, Toch. kutär/ku, Welsh gewai, Alb. dyllë, Phryg. Zeuman; *ǵʰuto- (poured, libated)
*ǵʰwel- to bend Ltv. nuožvelnus, Ltv. zvelt, Russ. злой (zloj), Polish zły, Skr. ह्वरति (hvarati), Av. zbarəmnəm, Pers. /zūr
*ǵʰwen- to sound OCS звонъ (zvonŭ), Russ. звон (zvon), Arm. ձայն (dzayn/cayn), Alb. zë/zâ, Toch. ka/kene, Polish dzwon, Lith. žvengti, Ltv. zviegt
*ǵʰwer- beast Lat. ferus, OCS звѣрь (zvěrĭ), Russ. зверь (zver'), Lith. žvėris. Ltv. zvērs, Gk. θήρ (thēr), Polish zwierzę, Old Prussian swīrins, Toch. śaru/śerwe
*ǵʰéi-mn̥- winter Skr. हिम (himá), हेमन्त (hemantá), Lat. [[hiems#Template:lang:la|hiems]], Gk. χεῖμα (kheima), Gaul. Giamillus, OCS зима (zima), Russ. зима (zima), Polish zima, Lith. žiema, Ltv. ziema, Old Prussian semo, Av. zimo, Arm. ձմեռ (dzme/cme), Alb. dimër/dimën, Kamviri z, Pers. /زمستان (zemestān), Toch. śärme/śimpriye, Welsh gaeaf, Ir. gamh/geimhreadh, Hitt. 𒄀𒈠𒀭 (giman), ON gói, Pers. dai, Eng. gamol/
*ǵʰés-ro- hand Lat. hīr, Hitt. keššar, Lyc. izre, Luw. iššari-, Gk. χείρ (kheir), Arm. ձեռք (dzek'/cek'), Kamviri düšt, Alb. dorë, Toch. tsar/ṣar, Thrac heris