Visit the forum if you have a language query!

Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/l

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
Love works a different way in different minds, the fool it enlightens and the wise it blinds.
John Dryden
Jump to: navigation, search
Root Meaning Derivatives
*laywós left (direction) Lat. laevus, Gk. laios, Russ. левый (levyj), Illyr. Levo, Eng. lǣw/, Lith. išlaivoti, Polish lewy, ON lǽn, Gm. lēwes/, OCS lĕvŭ
*laks- salmon Toch. laks/läks, ON lax, Lith. lašiša, Ltv. lasis, Russ. лосось (losos'), Polish łosoś, Gm. lahs/Lachs, Eng. leax/—, Old Prussian lalasso
*laku- pond Gk. λάκκος (lakkos), Lat. lacus, Gm. lagu/, Ir. loch/loch, Arm. lič/lij , Eng. lagu/—, Lith. lekmenė, ON lǫgr, Serb. lokva
*las- eager Skr. लषति (laati), Lat. lascīvus, Russ. ласка (laska), Lith. lokšnus, Eng. lust/lust, Gm. lust/Lust, Goth. lustus, ON lyst, Gk. lilaiomai, Ir. lainn/
*lat- swamp Gk. λάταξ (lataks), Lith. Latupė, Ltv. Late, Gaul. Arelate, Ir. lathach/lathach, Gm. letto/letten, Welsh llaid
*lebʰ- lip Lat. labĭum, Gm. /Lippe; lefs/Lefze, Eng. lippa/lip, Welsh llefaru, Russ. лобзать (lobzat'), Pers. /lab, Lith. lūpa, Kurd. léw
*legʰ- to lie down Lat. lectus, OCS ležati, Russ. лежать (ležat'), Gk. λέχομαι (lekhomai)/, Gm. liggan/liegen, Ir. lige/luighe, Welsh lle; gwely, Eng. lecgen/lie, Polish leżeć, Gaul. legasit, ON liggja, Goth. ligan, Toch. lake/leke, Lith. lagaminas, Ltv. lagača, Alb. lagtë; lagje
*leh₂w- to pour, wash Gk. λοῦσις (lousis), Lat. [[lavo#Template:lang:la|lavō]], Arm. loganam/lokanam, Hitt. lahhu- 'to pour', Gm. louga/Lauge, Eng. lēðran/lather; lye; lave, ON laug, OIr. lóathar; lúaith, Welsh luddw
*leh₃p- cow Alb. lopë, Ltv lùops
*ley- to pour Gk. λείβω (leibō), Lat. libare, Skr. रियति (riyati), Hitt. lilái-, Goth. leithu, Lith. lieti; lytus, Old Prussian isliuns, OCS liti, Russ. лить (lit'), Polish lac', Ir. lie, Welsh llifo; lliant, Kurd. rijyan, Alb. lyse/lise
*leyg- to jump Gk. ἐλελίζω (elelizō)/, Lith. láigyti; liuoksėti, Goth. laiks, Gm. leih/Leich, Skr. रेजति (rejati), Pers. ālēxtan, Eng. lācan/lark, Ir. loíg/laogh
*leykʷ- to leave Lat. linquō, Lith. likti, Ltv. likt, Ir. léicid/, Gm. līhan/leihen, Arm. lk'anem, Gk. λείπω (leipō), Skr. रिणक्ति (riakti), Av. raexnah, Pers. rēxtan, Old Prussian polijcki, Russ. олек (olek), Eng. lǣnan/lend, ON ljá, Goth. leiƕan, Alb. liq
*leiǵʰ- to lick Lat. lingere; liggurīre, Skr. लेढि (lehi), OIr. lígim, Gk. λείχω (leikhō), Arm. lezul, Russ. лизать (lizat'), Gm. leckôn/lecken, Eng. liccian/lick, Kamviri liza, Polish lizać, ON sleikja, Pers. lēsēdan, Av. raēzate, Lith. laižyti, Ltv. laizīt, Welsh llyo, Goth. bilaigon, Kurd. lésínewe
*lendʰ- loin, kidney Gm. lenti/Lende, Eng. lenden/—, ON lend, Russ. лядвие (ljadvie), Lat. lumbus
*lendʰo- steppe Old Prussian lindan, Eng. land, ON land, Ir. land/lann, Welsh llan, OCS ledina, Russ. ляда (ljada), Polish ląd, Gm. Land, Gaul. landa
*lengʷʰ- lightweight Lat. levis, Alb. lehtë, Gk. ἐλαχύς (elakhus), Skr. लघु (laghu), Av. ragu, Lith. leñgva, Ltv. liegs, Old Prussian lāngiseilingins, Goth. līhts, Eng. lēoht/light, Gm. līht/leicht, ON lēttr, Toch. /lankŭtse, Ir. laigiu/, Welsh llaw, OCS lĭgŭkŭ, Polish lekki, Russ. лёгкий (lëgkij), Kashmiri lo.t
*lewbʰ- to love Russ. любить (ljubit'), Skr. लुभ्यति (lubhyati), Eng. lufu/love, Lith. liaupsė, Alb. lum; laps, Gm. liob/Liebe, Polish lubić, ON ljúfr, Goth. liufs, Lat. lubet; libido, Oscan loufit, OCS ljubŭ
*lewdʰ-o- people Lat. līber, Lith. liaudis, Ltv. ļaudis, OCS ljudĭje, Russ. люди (ljudi), Gk. ἐλεύθερος (eleutheros), Ir. luss/, Skr. रोधति (rodhati), Av. raoða, Gm. liut/Leute, Polish lud, ON ljóðr, Alb. lind, Oscan Lúvfreís, Welsh llysiau, Goth. liudan, Eng. lēod/, Old Prussian ludis
*lewgʰ- to tell a lie Eng. lyge/lie, Gm. liogan/lügen, ON ljúga, Goth. liugan, Lith. lugoti, OCS lŭgati, Russ. лгать (lgat'), Welsh llu, Ir. luige/, Polish łgać
*lewk-; *lówk-o- bright; light OCS luči, Russ. луг (lug), Skr. रोचते (rocate), Gk. λευκός (leukos), Eng. lēoht/light, Gm. lioht/licht, Kamviri luka, Goth. liuhaþ, ON leygr, Toch. luk, Oscan Lúvkis, Umbrian Vuvçis, Welsh llug; llewych, Ir. loscaim/loiscim, Lat. lux, Lith. lauka, Ltv. lauks, Hitt. lalukkes, Lyc. luga, Luw. luha-, Arm. loys, Kamviri uč, Gaul. leux, Av. raočant, Alb. loqe; gloq
*lewk-s lynx Gk. λύγξ (lunks), Lith. lūšis, Ltv. lūsis, Old Prussian luysis, Gm. luhs/Luchs, Old Eng. lox, Russ. рысь (rys'), Polish ryś, Arm. lusanunk', MIr. lug
*lewǵ- to break Lat. lūgeō, Gk. λυγρός (lugros)/, Alb. lungë, Arm. lucanel/ludzanel, Ir. lucht/, Gm. Lücke; Luke, Lith. láužti, Ltv. laûzt, Skr. रुजति (rujati), Av. fra-uruxti, Welsh llwyth, Old Eng. tōlūcan
*lino- flax Lat. līnum, Gk. λίνον (linon), Lith. linas, Ltv. lini, Old Prussian linno, Ir. lín/líon, Alb. liri/lîni, Goth. lein, Polish len, Russ. лён (lën), Welsh llin, Eng. lin/linen, Gm. lin/Leinen, ON lín, OCS lĭnŭ
*luHs- louse Lith. liulė, Welsh llau, Eng. lūs/louse, Gm. lūs/Laus, ON lús, Toch luwa, Skr yūka, Pers. rišk
*leh₂u- to acquire Lat. lucrum, Gk. λεία (leia), Goth. laun, OCS lovŭ, Russ. ловить (lovit'), Ir. lúag/; fo-lud/, Welsh llawen, Gm. lōn/Lohn, Lith. lavinti, ON laun, Eng. lēan/loan, Skr. लोतम् (lotam), Polish łowić