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Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/n

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Go to the truth beyond the mind. Love is the bridge.
Stephen Levine
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Root Meaning Derivatives
*nébʰos cloud Lat. [[nebula#Template:lang:la|nebula]], OCS нєбо (nebo), Russ. небо (nebo), Skr. नभस् (nábhas), Gk. νέφος (nephos), Hitt. 𒉈𒂊𒁉𒅖 (nēpis), Lyc. tabahaza, Luw. 𒋫𒀊𒉺𒀸𒊭 (tappassa), Gm. nebul/[[Nebel#Template:lang:de|Nebel]], Eng. nifol/—, Welsh nef, Kamviri niru, Polish niebo, Lith. debesis, Ltv. debess, Av. nabah, Ir. nem/neamh, ON niflhel, Alb. avull
*negʷʰro- kidney Lat nefrōnes, Gk. νεφρός (nephros)/, Gm. nioro/Niere, ON nýra
*neh₁tr- snake Lat. natrix, Eng. nǣddre/adder, Gm. natara/Natter, Welsh neidr, Goth. nadrs, ON naðr, Ir. nathir/nathair
*neh₂-u- corpse Toch. nut/naut, Goth. naus, OCS navi, Russ. навь (nav'), Welsh newyn, Gm. not/, ON nār, Eng. néo-/—, Old Prussian nowis, Lith. novyti, Ltv. nāve, Ir. núne/
*neygʷ- to wash Lat. noegeum, Ir. nigim/nighim, ON nykr, Gm. nihhus/Nix, Gk. νίζω (niksō), Skr. नेनेक्ति (nenekti), Welsh enneint, Eng. nicor/
*neyk- to winnow Lith. niekoti, Ltv. niekāt, Gk. λικμάω (likmaō), Welsh nithio
*nem- to allot/distribute Lat. numerus, Ir. nem/nimh, MIr. nos, Gm. neman/nehmen, Gk. νέμω (nemō), Goth. niman, ON nema, Lith. núomas, Ltv. nuôma, Eng. niman/numb, Av. nəmah, Toch. /ñemek, Russ. немой (nemoj), Alb nëmë/namë
*neḱ- dead person, death Skr. नश्यति (naśyati), Av. nasyeiti, Gk. νεκρός (nekros), Lith. našlys, Lat. nex, Toch. näk/näk, Ir. éc/eug, Welsh angeu, ON Naglfar
*ni down Skr. नि (ni), Eng. niþera/nether-, Gm. nidar/nieder, ON niðr, Gk. νειός (neios), OCS nizu, Russ. низ (niz), Ir. ne/ni
*nogʷó- naked Eng. nacod/naked, Goth. naqaþs, Skr. नग्न (nagna), Hitt. nekumant, Gk. γυμνός (gumnos), Lat. nūdus, Lith. nuogas, Ltv. nogs, Ir. nocht/, Gm. nackot/nackt, Polish nagi, ON nakinn, Av. maġna, Welsh noeth, OCS nagŭ, Russ. нагой (nagoj), Kashmiri nagay
*nókʷts night Gk. νύξ (nuks)/νύχτα (nýchta), Lat. [[nox#Template:lang:la|nox]], Lith. naktis, Ltv. nakts, Gm. naht/[[Nacht#Template:lang:de|Nacht]], Skr. नक्ति (nákti), Hitt. 𒉈𒆪𒍖 (nekuz), Russ. ночь (noč'}, Alb. natë, Ir. innocht/anochd, Toch. nakcu/nekcīye, Welsh nos, Eng. niht/night, Polish noc, Old Prussian naktin, Goth. 𐌽𐌰𐌷𐍄𐍃 (nahts), ON nótt, OCS нощь (noštĭ)
*(h₁)néwn̥ nine Arm. inn/inn/innĕ, Alb. nëntë/nândë, Lith. devyni, Ltv. deviņi, Gaul. navan, Gm. niun/neun, Eng. nigon/nine, Gk. ἐννέα (ennea), Av. nauua, Ir. nói/naoi, Kashmiri nav, Lyc. ñuñtãta-, Kamviri nu, Lat. novem, Oscan nuven, ON níu, Old Prussian newīnjai, Pers. nava/noh, OCS devętĭ, Polish dziewięć, Russ. девять (devjat'), Skr. नव (nava), Toch. ñu, Umbrian nuvim, Goth. niun, Welsh naw
*néh₂-u- swim *néH₂-u- "ship": Skr. नौ (nāu), Ir. nau/, Gk. ναῦς (naus), Lat. nāvis, Av. navāza, Pers. nāviyā/nav, Arm. nav, ON nōr, Osset. nau, Alb. anije, Welsh noe, Eng. nōwend/—
*népot- (nom. *népōt-s gen. *nept-ós) grandson/nephew Lat. nepōs, Skr. नपात् (napāt), Av. napāt, Gk. ἀνεψιός (anepsios)/, Alb. nip, Eng. nefa/—, Gaul. nei, Gm. nevo/Neffe, Welsh nai, Kamviri nâvo, Pers. napā/nave, Lith. nepuotis, Ir. necht/; níath/, OCS nestera, Old Russ. нестера (nestera), Polish nieściora
*nu now Alb. tani, Lith. nū, Ltv. nu, Gm. nu/nun, Lat. nunc, Eng. nū/now, Gk. νῦν (nun)/, Hitt. nu, Luw. nanun, ON nū, Pers. nūra/, Old Prussian teinu, Skr. नू (nū), Toch. nu/nano, Goth. nu, OCS nu
*néwos, *néwyos new (probably full grade of nu "now".) Lat. [[novus#Template:lang:la|novus]], OCS новъ (novŭ), Russ. новый (novyj), Gk. νέος (neos), Hitt. newa, Eng. nīwe/new, Skr. नव (náva), Av. nava, Lith. naujas, Ltv. naujš, Gaul. Noviodūnum, Gm. niuwi/neu, Kamviri nuĩ, Kashmiri nōv, Osset. nog/, Polish nowy, Welsh newydd, Pers. /نو (nau), Toch. ñu/ñuwe, Old Prussian nauns, Oscan Núvellum, Goth. niujis, Ir. nue/nua, ON nýr, Thrac. neos, Luw. nāwa
*nisdós nest secondary root, from ni- + sed. OCS gnĕzdo, Russ. гнездо (gnezdo), Eng. nest/nest, Arm. nist, Skr. नीड (nīḍá), Ir. net/nead, Gm. nest/Nest, Polish gniazdo, Welsh nyth, Lat. nidus