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Appendix:Slovak declension pattern chlap

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Slovak

Declension pattern chlap

pattern chlap m, noun
chlap stem

Singular

Plural

This pattern is typically used by masculine nouns that do not end with -a or -o and are animate, that is those that describe a person. Animals can sometimes follow a dual pattern (chlap or dub) depending on whether we think of them as individual persons or not.

The vocative singular is usually the same as nominative singular in modern usage, but can end with either -e or -u in poetic usage, and in some religious contexts. For example, the vocative of Boh (God) is Bože. The vocative of otec (father) is otec when one is calling one's father, but otče when addressing a priest.

In some cases the dative and locative singular can end with -u rather than -ovi, and the nominative plural can end with -ovia or just -ia rather than -i.

Slovak is a very subtle and poetic language, comparable perhaps only to Sanskrit (and other Slavic languages) in various nuances that cannot simply be expressed in a small set of rules.

Other masculine patterns

The other pattern for animate masculine nouns is hrdina. The two patterns for non-animate masculine nouns are dub and stroj.