Visit the forum if you have a language query!
Appendix:Slovak declension pattern chlap
Declension pattern chlap
- pattern chlap m, noun
- chlap stem
This pattern is typically used by masculine nouns that do not end with -a or -o and are animate, that is those that describe a person. Animals can sometimes follow a dual pattern (chlap or dub) depending on whether we think of them as individual persons or not.
The vocative singular is usually the same as nominative singular in modern usage, but can end with either -e or -u in poetic usage, and in some religious contexts. For example, the vocative of Boh (God) is Bože. The vocative of otec (father) is otec when one is calling one's father, but otče when addressing a priest.
Slovak is a very subtle and poetic language, comparable perhaps only to Sanskrit (and other Slavic languages) in various nuances that cannot simply be expressed in a small set of rules.