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Category:Finnish postpositions

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These adpositions come after the main word.

Many of the postpositions are originally old cases of "dead" words, so they serve only in an adverbial meaning.

Note: if the postposition requires the genitive case, and a personal pronoun in genitive (minun, sinun, hänen, meidän, teidän, heidän) is before the main word, the possessive suffixes (-ni, -si, -nsa/-nsä, -mme, -nne) are appended to the ends of these adpositions in standard Finnish:

  • minun + jälkeen -> minun jälkeeni (colloquially: mun/miun läpi/lävitse)
  • sinun + kanssa -> sinun kanssasi (colloquially: sun/siun kans(sa), sun/siun kanssa(s))
  • teidän + edellä -> teidän edellänne (colloquially: teiän e(d)ellä)
  • heidän + ohitse -> heidän ohitsensa (or ohitseen) (colloquially: heiän/nii(d)en/niitten ohi)

Because the possessive suffix cannot be appended to the shortened postpositions ali, yli, ohi, taa, luo and läpi, in standard Finnish it is recommendable that one use the longer forms alitse, ylitse, ohitse, taakse, luokse and lävitse with the genitive forms of the personal pronouns.