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Devanagari

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English

Etymology

From Sanskrit देवनागरी (Devánāgarī), compound of देव (devá), divine) + नगर (nágara), city); literally "divine city writing". The Nagari script is an earlier form of Devanagari, appearing in cca. the 8th century as an eastern variant of the Gupta script, contemporary to Sharada, its western variant. The name Devanagari should therefore be understood as "excellent or perfected form of the Nagari script".

Pronunciation

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Adjective

Devanagari (not comparable)

Positive
Devanagari

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. Of the Devanagari script or of a Devanagari alphabet.

Proper noun

Singular
Devanagari

Plural
-

Devanagari

  1. A script used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, and Bhojpuri. It is also used to write Nepali in Nepal. It is an abugida writing system (not properly called an alphabet) because the base consonant characters include a default schwa vowel sound unless it is modified or removed.

Derived terms

The script shown is inclusive of characters used for the transcribing sounds from other languages into Sanskrit, etc.

Vowels

Independent vowel forms

Matras and diacritics

Consonants

Common conjunct characters

Additional markers and diacritics

  • ् ़ ऽ । ॥ ॰

Numerals

See also

Elsewhere on the web

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