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Dictionary:About Hebrew

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
If you want to get across an idea, wrap it up in a person.
Ralph Bunche
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Application-certificate Gion.svg This is a Wiktionary policy, guideline or common practices page. This is a draft under discussion.
Policies: CFI - ELE - BLOCK - REDIR - BOTS - QUOTE - DELETE - NPOV Language-specific: AR - CA - ZH - CZ - FR - EL - HE - HU - JA - LA - RO - ES

Romanizations

Note: this is still up for discussion — see Dictionary_talk:About Hebrew#Romanization — and should not be regarded as policy.
letter romanization notes
א (') omit word-final א, except optionally1 ל l
ב b/v b when with dagesh, v when without מ,ם m
ג g optionally1 gh when without dagesh נ,ן n
ד d optionally1 dh when without dagesh ס s
ה (h) omit word-final ה, except when with mapik ע (') optionally1 `; omit word-final '
ו w see below for ו as vowel marker פ,ף p/f p when with dagesh, f when without
ז z צ,ץ ts optionally1 TS
ח kh optionally1 ק k optionally1 Q
ט t optionally1 T ר r
י y/i i when the latter part of a diphthong, y elsewhere;   
see below for י as vowel marker
שׁ s(h) sh when shin, s when sin
כ,ך k/kh k when with dagesh, kh when without ת t optionally1 th when without dagesh
  • 1 used when it is particularly important to represent a form of Hebrew in which the sound is distinguished, or in the case of צ, a form in which emphatic consonants are emphasized (whether glottally or pharyngeally).
  • Dagesh khazak is optionally (as described above) indicated by doubling the letter. In the case of שּׁ and צּ, this produces shsh and TSTS.
  • Vowels are romanized as follows:
vowel romanization notes
בְ (') an apostrophe when na`, omitted when nakh or when adjacent to א or ע
בֱ, בֶ, בֵ e
בֲ, בַ, בָי a
בָ a/o a when gadol, o when katan
בֳ, בֹ, בוֹ o
בִ, בִי i
בֻ, בוּ u
  • The position of the stress may be indicated using an acute accent on the main vowel of the stressed syllable (á, é, í, ó, ú).

To be decided

  • The contents of the above sections are still up for discussion, and should not be considered "decided".
  • Where to use ktiv khaser and where to use ktiv maleh (e.g. for diber, where דבר, and where דיבר).[discuss this]
  • Where to supply vowel signs.[discuss this]
  • Whether roots warrant separate treatment from the words formed from them, and if so, what this treatment should include.[discuss this]
  • How to supply conjugations of verbs, declensions of nouns and adjectives, and pronoun-including forms of prepositions.[discuss this]
  • Where to treat different Hebrews (e.g. Classical Hebrew, Standard/Modern/Israeli Hebrew) as different languages, and where to treat them as different forms of one language.

Please discuss on the talk-page (Dictionary_talk:About Hebrew)!

Prefixes

The community's decision was to exclude most words that are simply one or more prefixes plus a base word.