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1845, [[w:Template:lang:ru language|Template:lang:ru]][[Category:Template:lang:ru derivations]] Русь (Rus’) < Old East Slavic Русь (Rus’), and medieval Greek οί Ῥῶς (oi Rhōs). The name comes from a group of warrior merchants from Sweden who settled around Kiev and the Dnieper river in the ninth century, and established the Rus principalities. Ultimate origin is uncertain; see Wikipedia's article on Etymology of Rus and derivatives for more detail.
Compare Swedish Ryss, Dutch Rus, German Russe, French Russe, Russian Русь (Rus’), Belarusian Русь (Rus’), Ukrainian Русь (Rus’). Also compare Russian русский (rússkij), “‘Ethnic Russian, of Rus’”), россиянин (rossijánin), “‘Russian national’”), Россия (Rossíja), “‘Russia’”).
- The medieval East Slavic principalities, especially Kievan Rus.
- A group of warrior merchants from Sweden who settled around Kiev and the Dnieper and established the Rus principalities.
This neutral term is used more often instead of Russia or medieval Russia, acknowledging that the Belarusian, Russian, and Ukrainian people share the heritage of Rus.
With this innovation, it is sometimes unclear how to replace the adjective Russian in the same context. Alternatives include using the attributive noun, as in “the Rus princes”, or rewriting to use “of Rus”. The nonstandard adjective Rusian is seen very rarely.
- Rusian (rare)
- Belarus, Belarusian
- Little Russia, Little Russian
- Rusnak, Russniak
- Russia, Russian
- Ruthenia, Ruthene, Ruthenian
- Oxford English Dictionary, 1884-1928, and First Supplement, 1933
- Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, 1989
- Russian (person)
Rus m. (feminine: Rusinja)
- A Russian (male person)
- Russian person (nationality)
Elsewhere on the web