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abstain

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
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Oliver Wendell Holmes
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English

Etymology

From Middle English absteynen, abstenen, from Old French astenir, abstenir, from [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] abstinere, abstentum (keep or refrain from); from prefix from + hold. See tenable.

Pronunciation

Verb

Infinitive
to abstain

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to abstain (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. (intransitive) Refrain from (something); hold one's self aloof; to forbear or keep from doing, especially an indulgence of the passions or appetites; -- with from.
  2. (intransitive) To shun voluntarily.
    • Not a few abstained from voting. - Macaulay
    • Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt? - Shakespeare, Richard II, II-i
  3. (intransitive) Deliberately refrain from casting one's vote at a meeting where one is present.
  4. (transitive) Hinder; withhold.
    • Whether he abstain men from marrying. - Milton

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

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