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apostrophe ( ' ) ( ’ )
|Other typographer’s marks|
ampersand ( & )
A contraction of "and per se and", meaning "and (the character) '&' by itself", which is how the symbol (&) was originally referred to in English. This formulation is due to the fact that in schools, when reciting the alphabet, any letter that could also be used as a word in itself ("A," "I," "&" and, at one point, "O") was preceded by the Latin expression per se ([[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] for "by itself"). Also, it was common practice to add at the end of the alphabet the "&" sign, pronounced "and". Thus the end of the recitation would be: "X, Y, Z and per se and." This last phrase was routinely slurred to "ampersand" and the term crept into common English usage by around 1837.
- The character itself (&) is a stylized e and t, or et, the Latin word for "and". Romans used such symbols (ligature) at least since the first century AD, but the character may not have acquired its present form until the advent of calligraphy in the Middle Ages.
- The symbol "&" itself.
- The ampersand character in many logics acts as an operator connecting two propositions.
- A substitute for the word and in any context (though not generally used outside of signs and titles).
- Smith & Sons Hardware
- Style & Substance, A Writer’s Handbook
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