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bark

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See also Bark

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From the Middle English bark, from the Old Norse bǫrkr (tree bark), from the Proto-Germanic *barkuz, probably related to Proto-Germanic *berkjon (birch), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰergo, from the Proto-Indo-European *bʰereg- (to gleam; white). Akin to Danish, Norwegian and Swedish bark, Icelandic börkr, and Low German borke.

Noun

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Singular
bark

Plural
s

bark (s)
  1. (countable, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) The exterior covering of the trunk and branches of a tree; the rind.
  2. (medicine) Peruvian Bark or Jesuit's bark, the bark of the cinchona from which quinine is produced.
Usage notes

Usually uncountable; bark may be countable when referring to the barks of different types of tree.

Related terms
Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to bark

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to bark (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. To strip the bark from; to peel.
  2. To abrade or rub off any outer covering from.
    to bark one’s heel
  3. To girdle.
  4. To cover or inclose with bark, or as with bark.
    bark the roof of a hut
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From the Middle English berken (to bark), from the Old English beorcan, from the Proto-Germanic *berkanan, of echoic/imitative origin. Akin to the Icelandic berkja

Noun

Singular
bark

Plural
{{{1}}}

bark ({{{1}}})
  1. The short, loud, explosive sound uttered by a dog.
  2. A similar sound made by some other animals.
  3. (figuratively) An abrupt loud vocal utterance.
    • circa 1921 CE: Fox’s clumsy figure, negligently dressed in blue and buff, seemed unprepossessing; only his shaggy eyebrows added to the expression of his face; his voice would rise to a bark in excitement. — The Cambridge History of English and American Literature, Vol XI.
Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to bark

Third person singular
-

Simple past
-

Past participle
-

Present participle
-

to bark (third-person singular simple present -, present participle -, simple past and past participle -)
  1. To make a short, loud, explosive noise with the vocal organs (said of animals, especially dogs).
  2. To make a clamor; to make importunate outcries.
    They bark, and say the Scripture maketh heretics. — Tyndale.
    Where there is the barking of the belly, there no other commands will be heard, much less obeyed. — Fuller.
  3. To speak sharply.
    The sergeant barked an order.
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3

From the Middle English barke (boat), from the Middle French barque, from the Late Latin barca, from the Vulgar Latin

Alternative spellings

Noun

Singular
bark

Plural
{{{1}}}

bark ({{{1}}})
  1. (obsolete) A small sailing vessel, e.g. a pinnace or a fishing smack; a rowing boat or barge.
  2. (poetic) a sailing vessel or boat of any kind.
  3. (nautical) A three-masted vessel, having her foremast and mainmast square-rigged, and her mizzenmast schooner-rigged.
Quotations
  • circa 1880 CE: Whether my bark went down at sea, Whether she met with gales, ... — Emily Dickinson (1830–86), Poems
Translations

Albanian

Noun

bark

  1. belly

Danish

Noun

Template:inf

  1. bark (large sailing boat)
  2. bark (covering of the trunk of a tree)

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

bark (plural barken, diminutive barkje) f. ?

  1. barge, a large type of rowing - or sailing boat
  2. the bark of certain trees, used for its tannin

Polish

Noun

bark m. (genitive barku, plural barki)[[Category:Template:lang:pl nouns|bark]]

  1. shoulder
  2. barque

Swedish

Noun

bark c. (uncountable, definite form barken)

  1. bark (covering of the trunk of a tree)

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