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burh

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Old English

Alternative spellings

Etymology

Proto-Germanic *burgs, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰərgʰ- (fortified elevation). Cognate with Old Frisian burch, Old Saxon burg (Dutch burcht), Old High German burg (German Burg ‘castle’), Old Norse borg (Swedish borg), Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌲𐍃 ‘town’. The IE root is also the source of Celtic *brig- (Middle Irish brī ‘hill’, Welsh bera ‘stack’), Avestan brzant- ‘high’, Ancient Greek πύργος ‘tower’, and Sanskrit -pur ‘city’.

Pronunciation

Noun

burh f.

  1. stronghold, fort, castle
  2. dwelling-place
  3. (fortified) town, city

Declension

Singular Plural
nominative burh byriġ
accusative burh byriġ
genitive burge burga
dative byriġ burgum


Descendants

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