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by

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
You never enjoy the world aright, till the sea itself floweth in your veins, till you are clothed with the heavens and crowned with the stars.
Thomas Traherne
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English

Alternative spellings

  • bye (archaic for preposition and adverb, not used for abbreviation, preferred for noun and interjection)

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Old English

Preposition

by

  1. Near or next to.
    The mailbox is by the bus stop.
  2. At some time before (the given time), or before the end of a given time interval.
    Be back by ten o'clock!
    We will send it by the first week of July.
  3. (Indicates the actor in a clause with its verb in the passive voice) Through the action or presence of.
    The matter was decided by the chairman.
    The boat was swamped by the water.
    He was protected by his body armour.
  4. (Indicates the creator of a work) Existing through the authorship etc of.
    There are many well-known plays by William Shakespeare
  5. (Indicates a means) Involving/using the means of.
    I avoided the guards by moving only when they weren't looking.
  6. (Indicates a rule followed) Using the rules or logic of.
    I sorted the items by category.
  7. (Indicates the amount of some progression) With a change of.
    Our stock is up by ten percent.
  8. (In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another.)
    We went through the book page by page.
    We crawled forward by inches.
  9. (Indicates an oath) With the authority of.
    By Jove! I think she's got it!
    By all that is holy, I'll put an end to this.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adverb

by

  1. Along a path which runs by the speaker.
    I watched as it passed by.

Translations

Derived terms

Adjective

by (not comparable)
  1. Out of the way, subsidiary.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Noun

Singular
by

Plural
{{{1}}}

by ({{{1}}})
  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A pass

Interjection

by

  1. Alternative spelling of bye.

Abbreviation

BY

  1. Belarus, a member state of the United Nations.
  2. Bavaria, a federal state of Germany.

Danish

Etymology

EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks an etymology. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun

by c

  1. town, city

Related terms


Lojban

Cmavo

by

  1. letteral for b

Norwegian

Noun

by

  1. town, city

Verb

by

  1. bid; offer
  2. command; order
  3. ask; invite

Polish

Pronunciation

Particle

by [[Category:Template:lang:pl particles|by]]

  1. (always before a verb) a particle used to make conditional mood; would, should
    On by tam nie poszedł. = On nie poszedłby tam. — He would not go there.
singular plural
1st person bym byśmy
2nd person byś byście
3rd person by by

Synonyms

Conjunction

by [[Category:Template:lang:pl conjunctions|by]]

  1. (rare) in order to

Synonyms


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

Inflection for by Singular Plural
common Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative by byn byar byarna
Genitive bys byns byars byarnas

by c.

  1. village
  2. breeze, gust

Related terms

village
breeze

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