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capital

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English

Etymology

From the [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] capitalis, "of the head." Use in trade and finance originated in Medieval economies when a common but expensive transaction involved trading heads of cattle.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
capital

Plural
{{{1}}}

capital ({{{1}}})
  1. A city designated as a legislative seat by the government or some other authority, often the city in which the government is located; otherwise the most important city within a country or a subdivision of it.
    Washington D.C. is the capital of the United States of America.
    The Welsh government claims that Cardiff is Europe’s youngest capital.
  2. (economics) Money and wealth. The means to acquire goods and services, especially in a non-barter system.
  3. (economics) Already-produced durable goods available for use as a factor of production, such as steam shovels (equipment) and office buildings (structures).
  4. An uppercase letter.
  5. (architecture) The uppermost part of a column.

Usage notes

The homophone capitol refers only to a building, usually one that houses the legislative branch of a government, and often one located in a capital city.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Synonyms

letter

Antonyms

letter

Adjective

capital (not comparable)

Positive
capital

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. of prime importance
  2. (UK) excellent
    That is a capital idea!
  3. involving punishment by death
    Not all felonies are capital crimes.
  4. uppercase
    One begins a sentence with a capital letter.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Antonyms

uppercase

See also


French

Pronunciation

Noun

capital m. (plural capitaux)

  1. Capital (money and wealth)

Adjective

capital m. (f. capitale, m. plural capitaux, f. plural capitales)

  1. Capital (important)
    La peine capitale est abolie en France depuis les années 1980.

Related terms


Portuguese

Noun

capital f. (plural capitais)

  1. (geography) capital

Noun

capital m. (plural capitais)

  1. (economics) capital

Spanish

Etymology

From [[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:Template:lang:la derivations]] capitālis

Noun

capital m. (plural capitales)

Singular
capital m.

Plural
capitales m.

  1. capital (finance)
capital f. (plural capitales)

Singular
capital f.

Plural
capitales f.

  1. capital (city)

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