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cardinal number

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
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English

Noun

Singular
cardinal number

Plural
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cardinal number ({{{1}}})
  1. A number used to denote quantity; a counting number.
    The smallest cardinal numbers are 0, 1, 2, and 3.
    The cardinal number "three" can be represented as "3" or "three".
  2. (mathematics) A generalized kind of number used to denote the size of a set, including infinite sets.
  3. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A word that expresses a countable quantity; a cardinal numeral.
    "Three" is a cardinal number, while "third" is an ordinal number.

Translations

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Usage notes

  • Cardinal numbers are generally construed as nouns but function as adjectives. When functioning as adjectives, a cardinal number may only precede a countable noun, and the noun will be plural, except for one, 1 minus one, or -1:
    zero dogs
    one cat
    one hundred one dalmatians
    minus one degree
    minus five meters
  • Cardinal numbers may be used as ordinal numbers when preceded by a singular countable noun, especially if preceded by the word number :
    Dog five was injured.
    Seal off number two bulkhead.
  • zero can serve as quantifier indicating none:
    It has zero fat.
  • Cardinal numbers can serve as a rating scale. The most common examples range from 0 or 1 to 10 or 100. In the 1-to-10 example, 0 and numbers bigger than 10 are used for hyperbole.
    Bo was once considered a 10.
    The pain is 1.
    I didn't like the lyrics, but it's kinda danceable: I give it a 75.

See also

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