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chocolate

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English

chocolate (confectionery)

Etymology

Often said to come from Nahuatl xocolatl (e.g. American Heritage Dictionary 2000) or chocolatl (e.g. dictionary.com 2006), which would be derived from xococ, bitter, and atl, water, (with an irregular change of x to ch). Dakin and Wichmann (2000) propose that the chocol- element refers to a special wooden stick used to prepare chocolate.

However, the form xocolatl is not directly attested, and chocolatl does not appear in Nahuatl until the mid-18th century, which may indicate another origin. The word may come instead from a Mayan language.

In any case, the word chocolate reached English via Spanish.

Pronunciation

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Noun

Singular
chocolate

Plural
s

chocolate (s)
  1. (uncountable) A food made from ground roasted cocoa beans.
    Chocolate is a very popular treat.
  2. (countable) A single, small piece of confectionery made from chocolate.
    He bought her some chocolates as a gift.
  3. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A dark, reddish-brown colour/color, like that of chocolate.
    As he cooked it the whole thing turned a rich deep chocolate.
    chocolate colour:   

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adjective

chocolate (not comparable)

Positive
chocolate

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. Made of or containing chocolate.
  2. (color) Having a dark reddish-brown colour/color.

Derived terms

See Derived terms for the noun

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also

References

  • "chocolate." The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. 17 Nov. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/chocolate>
  • "chocolate." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.0.1). Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2006. 17 Nov. 2006. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/chocolate>
  • Dakin, Karen; Wichmann, Søren. (2000) ‘Cacao and Chocolate: An Uto-Aztec perspective’. Ancient Mesoamerica, vol. 11, pp.55–75.
  • Karttunen, Frances. (1983) An Analytical Dictionary of Nahuatl. University of Texas Press, p. 54.

French

Adjective

chocolate f.

  1. Feminine of chocolat.

Galician

Noun

chocolate m.

  1. chocolate

Interlingua

Noun

Singular
chocolate

Plural
s

chocolate (s)
  1. chocolate

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ʃokoˈlaʧi/

Noun

chocolate m. (plural chocolates)

  1. chocolate

Spanish

Etymology

Possibly from Nahuatl xocoatl, though the etymology is unclear.

Pronunciation

Noun

chocolate m. (plural chocolates)

Singular
chocolate m.

Plural
chocolates m.

  1. chocolate (food made from cocoa beans; confectionery)
  2. (slang) hash

Elsewhere on the web

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