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chromosome

Definition from Dictionary, a free dictionary
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English

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An illustration of chromosome, with its parts. (1) Chromatid. One of the two identical parts of the chromosome after S phase. (2) Centromere. The point where the two chromatids touch, and where the microtubules attach. (3) Short arm (4) Long arm.

Etymology

19th century: from [[w:Template:lang:de language|Template:lang:de]][[Category:Template:lang:de derivations]] Chromosom, ultimately from Ancient Greek χρώμα (colour) + σῶμα (body) (because they are stained under the microscope).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA: /ˈkɹəʊ.məˌsəʊm/, SAMPA: /"kr@U.m@%s@Um/
  • (US) IPA: /ˈkɹoʊməˌsoʊm/, SAMPA: /"kroUm@%soUm/

Noun

Singular
chromosome

Plural
{{{1}}}

chromosome ({{{1}}})
  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A structure in the cell nucleus that contains DNA, histone protein, and other structural proteins.

Derived terms

Translations

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